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Formation constants for the calcium(II), magnesium(II) and zinc(II) complexes of the orally effective iron chelator, pyridoxal isonicotinoyl hydrazone (PIH) and three analogues, pyridoxal benzoyl hydrazone (PBH), pyridoxalp-methoxybenzoyl hydrazone (PpMBH) and pyridoxalm-fluorobenzoyl hydrazone (PmFBH) have been determined by potentiometry at 25\dg C(More)
A range of new analogues of the promising iron chelator pyridoxal isonicotinoyl hydrazone was prepared and assessed for activity in reducing hepatocyte iron, mechanism of action and potential in iron-chelation therapy. A total of 45 compounds were synthesized by condensation of aromatic aldehydes (pyridoxal, salicylaldehyde and 2-hydroxy-1-naphthylaldehyde)(More)
Transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1) which mediates uptake of transferrin-bound iron, is essential for life in mammals. Recently, a close homologue of human transferrin receptor 1 was cloned and called transferrin receptor 2 (TfR2). A similar molecule has been identified in the mouse. Human transferrin receptor 2 is 45% identical with transferrin receptor 1 in the(More)
A model consisting of 59Fe-labelled macrophages was developed for screening potential iron-chelating drugs. Mouse peritoneal macrophages, induced by previous intraperitoneal injections of 3% thioglycollate, were labelled in vitro by their exposure to immune complexes of 59Fe-transferrin-antitransferrin antibody. Optimal conditions for macrophage labelling(More)
The mechanism of action of the clinically used iron(III) chelator, desferrioxamine (DFO), on preventing iron (Fe) uptake from transferrin (Tf) has been investigated using the human melanoma cell line SK-MEL-28. This investigation was initiated due to the paucity of information on the mechanisms of action of DFO in neoplastic cells and because recent studies(More)
The uptake of transferrin-bound iron by receptor-mediated endocytosis has been the subject of extensive experimental investigation. However, the path followed by iron (Fe) after release from transferrin (Tf) remains obscure. Once Fe is released from Tf within the endosome, it must be transported across the endosomal membrane into the cell. The present(More)
The mechanisms of iron (Fe) and transferrin (Tf) uptake by the human melanoma cell line, SK-MEL-28, have been investigated using chelators and metabolic probes. These data provide evidence for two saturable processes of Fe uptake from Tf, namely, specific receptor-mediated endocytosis and a second nonspecific, non-receptor-mediated mechanisms which(More)
The role of the transferrin homologue, melanotransferrin (p97), in iron metabolism has been studied using the human melanoma cell line, SK-MEL-28, which expresses this antigen in high concentrations. The mechanisms of iron and transferrin uptake were investigated using human transferrin labelled with iodine-125 and iron-59. Internalised and membrane-bound(More)
The effects of ferric ammonium citrate (FAC) and desferrioxamine (DFO) on iron (Fe), and transferrin (Tf) uptake have been investigated using SK-MEL-28 human melanoma cells, which express the Tf homologue, melanotransferrin, in high concentrations. Previously we demonstrated two separate Fe uptake mechanisms from Tf, viz. a specific process mediated by the(More)
Pyridoxal isonicotinoyl hydrazone (PIH) and several analogues were synthesized and assessed in the rat hepatocyte culture for their potential in iron chelation therapy. Pyridoxal isonicotinoyl hydrazone and pyridoxal benzoyl hydrazone were as effective as desferrioxamine (DFO) in reducing both net uptake of rat transferrin-59Fe and incorporation into(More)