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OBJECTIVES Prehospital triage of trauma patients is of paramount importance because adequate trauma center referral improves survival. We developed a simple score that is easy to calculate in the prehospital phase. DESIGN Multicenter prospective observational study. SETTING Prehospital physician-staffed emergency system in university and nonuniversity(More)
UNLABELLED Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is the prototype of a real emergency, and both efficacy and speed are necessary for effective management. The advent of thrombolysis therapy has transformed the care of these patients. In fact, the most frequent complication of AMI is sudden death which still occurs within the first hour after symptom onset.(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of AZ-1, a murine monoclonal antiglycoprotein-IIb/IIIa antibody, on endothelium and on hemostasis in a rabbit endotoxic shock model. DESIGN Prospective laboratory study. SETTING University laboratory. SUBJECTS Thirty-five male New-Zealand rabbits. INTERVENTIONS In vitro vascular reactivity, endothelium(More)
OBJECTIVES To point out prognosis factors of local recurrence after endoscopic cordectomies for Tis, T1a, T1b, and T2 glottic squamous cell carcinomas. STUDY DESIGN A cohort of 110 patients treated from January 1990 to December 2000 at a single institution was retrospectively analyzed: 21 had Tis, 76 T1a, 7 T1b, and 6 T2 (mean follow-up 42 mo; range 1-160(More)
To investigate whether impaired endothelial function was related to alteration of nitric oxide (NO) formation during endotoxic shock, we studied the effects of supplementation of L-arginine (L-Arg), D-arginine (D-Arg), and N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), on endothelial function and structure in a rabbit model. Endotoxic shock was induced by a(More)
Pre-hospital notification enhances thrombolysis rate and improves intra-hospital delays, but the impact of the notification to the neurologist by the emergency medical system (EMS) call centre remains unknown. Our objective was to compare pre-hospital and in-hospital delays in stroke patients treated by intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator(More)
From 1980 to 1998, 65 patients whose glottic lesions were classified T1 or T2 were operated with a reconstructive anterior frontal laryngectomy with epiglottoplasty such as described by Tucker (Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 115:1341-1344). This procedure consists of resection of the two vocal cords, in some cases one arytenoid, the anterior commissure(More)
Tracheocutaneous fistula is seen frequently in decannulated children and respiratory complications associated with primary surgical closure can be potentially fatal. Cough is a precipitating factor for an air leak and we report two cases in which this occurred. A tracheotomy was performed on a 5-month-old girl for mechanical ventilation. Decannulation was(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor (ACEI) perindopril on prolonged endothelial cell dysfunction in a rabbit endotoxic model. DESIGN Randomized, controlled, interventional trial. SETTING University animal laboratory. SUBJECTS A total of 65 male New Zealand White rabbits, randomly assigned to one of(More)
Out-of-Hospital refractory Cardiac Arrest (OHrCA) has a mortality rate between 90 and 95%. Since 2009, French medical academic societies have recommended the use of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) for OHrCA. According to these guidelines, patients were eligible for ECLS support if vital signs were still present during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR),(More)