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Staphylococcus aureus is recognized worldwide as a major pathogen causing clinical or subclinical intramammary infections in lactating sheep, goats and cows. The present study was carried out to compare 65 S. aureus isolates mainly obtained from nasal carriage and subclinical mastitis in dairy sheep and 43 isolates obtained from subclinical mastitis from 22(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is a major agent of mastitis in ruminants worldwide. So far, efficient measures for its prophylaxis (including vaccination) have proven to be unsuccessful and there is a need for a better understanding of the host response to udder infection by S. aureus. Serological proteome analysis (SERPA) is a promising technique that can be used(More)
We investigated the genetic diversity of 179 Staphylococcus aureus isolates recovered from various sites in 10 farms producing cheeses manufactured with raw ewe's milk. Isolates were collected from handcrafted cheeses, bulk tank milk, milk from half-udders, skin abscesses on the udder if present, hands and anterior nares of farmers, and air of the milking(More)
The implication of biofilm in chronic bacterial infection in many species has triggered an increasing interest in the characterization of genes involved in biofilm formation. The bap gene is a newly identified gene that encodes the biofilm-associated protein, BAP, which is involved in biofilm formation in Staphylococcus aureus. So far the bap gene has only(More)
The consequences of mastitis on the technological properties of milk and on the quality of milk products are widely reported in the literature. Besides, recent advances have shed light on the mechanisms involved in the udder response and subsequent milk changes in mastitis cases. This review gives an update on the literature regarding the impact of mastitis(More)
Staphylococcus aureus mastitis in dairy sheep ranges from subclinical mastitis to lethal gangrenous mastitis. Neither the S. aureus virulence factors nor the host-factors or the epidemiological events contributing to the different outcomes are known. In a field study in a dairy sheep farm over 21 months, 16 natural isolates of S. aureus were collected from(More)
Little information is available regarding the molecular epidemiology of Staphylococcus aureus-induced mastitis in dairy sheep. In this study, 4 different typing techniques were compared in typing 26 S. aureus isolates, predominantly from cases of subclinical mastitis in dairy ewes. The 4 techniques were pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), restriction(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage of dairy sheep in farms producing cheeses manufactured with raw ewe's milk. The study showed that 29% of ewes carried S. aureus in their nares. The genetic diversity of the 136 isolates recovered from the anterior nares of the ewes, from the ambient air of the(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is an opportunistic pathogen in dairy ruminants where it is found in healthy carriage and can be a major cause of mastitis. A better knowledge of the host-pathogen interactions is needed to tackle this serious animal health problem. This study aimed at identifying S. aureus proteins differentially expressed by S. aureus in nasal(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is a major cause of mastitis in ruminants. In ewe mastitis, symptoms range from subclinical to gangrenous mastitis. S. aureus factors or host-factors contributing to the different outcomes are not completely elucidated. In this study, experimental mastitis was induced on primiparous ewes using two S. aureus strains, isolated from(More)