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Accumulating evidence suggests that the adult murine hypothalamus, a control site of several fundamental homeostatic processes, has neurogenic capacity. Correspondingly, the adult hypothalamus exhibits considerable cell proliferation that is ongoing even in the absence of external stimuli, and some of the newborn cells have been shown to mature into cells(More)
Many different processes take place at the cell membrane interface. Indeed, for instance, ligands bind membrane proteins which in turn activate peripheral membrane proteins, some of which are enzymes whose action is also located at the membrane interface. Native cell membranes are difficult to use to gain information on the activity of individual proteins(More)
Osmoregulated vasopressin release is facilitated during the late sleep period (LSP) to prevent dehydration and enuresis. Previous work has shown that clock neurons in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) have low firing rates during the LSP, but it is not known how this reduced activity enhances vasopressin release. We found that synaptic excitation of rat(More)
Previously, we have shown that conditioned medium from a subpopulation of human marrow stromal cells (CFU-RF) contain an activity able to stimulate the growth of macroscopic epo-dependent erythroid colonies. The ligand for the product of the c-kit proto-oncogene (also known as stem cell factor or SCF), among other activities, has been reported to have(More)
Colchicine is a potent antimitotic poison which is well known to prevent microtubule assembly by binding tubulin very tightly. Colchicine also possesses anti-inflammatory properties which are not well understood yet. Here we show that colchicine tightly interacts with lipid layers. The physical and biological properties of three different lipid derivatives(More)
In mammals, the osmolality of the extracellular fluid is maintained near a predetermined set-point through a negative feedback regulation of thirst, diuresis, salt appetite and natriuresis. This homeostatic control is believed to be mediated by osmosensory neurones which synaptically regulate the electrical activity of command neurones that mediate each of(More)
The organum vasculosum lamina terminalis (OVLT), the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) and the supraoptic nucleus (SON) are three hypothalamic structures involved in the osmotic and circadian control of neurohypophysial secretion. Recent experiments have suggested that interactions between osmotic and circadian factors may be important for homeostasis. The(More)
Neural activity plays an important role in organizing and optimizing neural circuits during development and in the mature nervous system. However, the cellular events that underlie this process still remain to be fully understood. In this study, we investigated the role of neural activity in regulating the structural plasticity of presynaptic terminals in(More)
The natural history of alloimmunization to the PlA1 platelet antigen is uncertain. We followed 50 PlA1-negative pregnant women during pregnancy and for 6 months post-partum in order to determine this natural history. The cohort of PlA1-negative women was obtained by PlA1 typing 5000 women. Three PlA1-negative women formed anti-PlA1 antibodies during this(More)
The antidiuretic hormone vasopressin (VP) promotes water reabsorption from the kidney and levels of circulating VP are normally related linearly to plasma osmolality, aiming to maintain the latter close to a predetermined set point. Interestingly, VP levels rise also in the absence of an increase in osmolality during late sleep in various mammals, including(More)