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To determine the external force that induces maximal deoxygenation of brachioradialis muscle 32 trained male subjects maintained isometric contractions using the elbow flexor muscles up to the limit time (isotonic part of the isometric contraction, IIC) and beyond that time for 120 s (anisotonic part of the isometric contraction). During IIC each subject(More)
We have derived the space-time Green's function for the diffusion equation in layered turbid media, starting from the case of a planar interface between two random scattering media. This new approach for working directly in real space permits highly efficient numerical processing, which is a decisive criterion for the feasibility of the inverse problem in(More)
We present time-resolved measurements by speckle interferometry of the light scattered by a liquid medium. Measurements were performed by use of reflectance geometry and are compared with results obtained in the same conditions with a femtosecond laser and a streak camera. The setup was also tested in vivo on the forearm of a human volunteer to demonstrate(More)
The main challenge of noninvasive optical biopsy is to obtain an accurate value of the optical coefficients of an encapsulated organ (muscle, brain, etc.). The idea developed by us is that some interesting information could be deduced from the long-time behavior of the reflectance function. This asymptotic behavior is analyzed for layered media in the(More)
PURPOSE A difficulty in nonmuscle invasive bladder cancers is the diagnosis of flat and small lesions during white light cystoscopy. We assessed a prototype that measures ultraviolet laser induced autofluorescence for endoscopic detection of nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS We compared spectroscopic results with histological(More)
Routine clinical detection of precancerous lesions by laser-inducedautofluorescence was recently demonstrated in several medicalfields. This technique is based on the analysis of complex spectrawith overlapping broad structures. However, in biological tissues, scattering and absorption are wavelength dependent, and the observedfluorescence signals are(More)
The aim of the present experiment was to study the influence of +Gz acceleration (head-to-foot inertial forces) onset on cerebral oxygenation changes (cerebral oxy- and deoxy-hemoglobin) and cerebral blood volume (CBV) in order to evaluate the role of cerebral hypoxemia and ischemia in the appearance of +Gz-induced loss of consciousness (G-LOC). We used(More)
We report what is to our knowledge the first observation of a time-resolved diffusing wave spectroscopy (DWS) signal recorded by transillumination through a thick turbid medium: the DWS signal is measured for a fixed photon transit time, which opens the possibility of improving the spatial resolution. This technique could find biomedical applications,(More)
We show how time-resolved measurements of the diffuse light transmitted through a thick scattering slab can be performed with a standard CCD camera, thanks to an interferometric protocol. Time-resolved correlations measured at a fixed photon transit time are also presented. The high number of pixels of the camera allows us to attain a quite good sensitivity(More)
We presented theoretical and experimental demonstrations of the possibilities of performing time-resolved diffusing wave spectroscopy: We successfully registered field fluctuations for selected photon path lengths that can surpass 300 transport mean free paths. Such performance opens new possibilities for biomedical optics applications.