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Bacterial signal peptides display little amino acid sequence homology despite their shared role in mediating protein transport. This heterogeneity may exist to permit the establishment of signal peptide conformations that are appropriate for transport of particular proteins. In this paper we explore how signal peptides are composed of structural units that(More)
A 29-amino acid analog of growth hormone releasing factor (GHRF) was designed in which the sequence of the first six amino acids at the amino terminus was maintained while the postulated amphiphilic helical structure in the remainder of the molecule was optimized. The amino acid sequence of the analog differed from that of the first 29 residues of human(More)
High relative mutability may be a common property of the surfaces of all or most proteins and may be exploited during evolution not only to alter molecular recognition but to modify catalytic functions as well. Conservative amino acid substitutions often can be expected to cause minimal structural alterations, but the properties of protein surfaces and the(More)
Previous studies point to the acidic amino-terminal segment of band 3, the anion transport protein of the red cell, as the common binding site for hemoglobin and several of the glycolytic enzymes to the erythrocyte membrane. We now report on the interaction of hemoglobin with the synthetic peptide AcM-E-E-L-Q-D-D-Y-E-D-E, corresponding to the first 11(More)
We have developed a rapid method for probing the affinity of peptides toward an amphiphilic surface. Hydrophobic polystyrene-divinylbenzene beads of 5.7 +/- 1.5 micron diameter are coated with a monomolecular film of egg lecithin to achieve the equilibrium spreading density of the phospholipid, 6 X 10(-3) molecule/A2. The coated beads are ideally suited for(More)
Platelet factor 4 is shown to be a chemotactic protein for human polymorphonuclear leukocytes and monocytes at concentrations found in human serum and reached locally in injured tissue. The maximum chemotactic response to platelet factor 4 nearly equals that achieved with saturating concentrations of the chemotactic activity derived from the fifth component(More)
Nephrocalcin is a urinary glycopeptide that may be a physiological inhibitor of nephrolithiasis. Monomeric nephrocalcin purified from ethylenediaminetetracetic acid-treated urine is 14,000 daltons. Compositional analyses indicate that nephrocalcin is 10 per cent carbohydrate by weight and that 25 per cent of the amino acid residues are acidic (glutamic(More)