Eric T. Kaiser

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A peptide 60 residues in length that corresponds to the homeo domain of Antennapedia (Antp), a protein governing development in Drosophila, was synthesized by segment condensation with protected peptide segments prepared on an oxime resin. A footprinting assay showed that the homeo domain binds specifically to a TAA repeat DNA sequence in the Antp gene.(More)
Synapsin I is a neuron-specific phosphoprotein localized on the surface of small synaptic vesicles to which it binds with high affinity (Kd = 10 nM). Synapsin I exhibits a tendency to self-associate, suggesting that it might have amphiphilic properties. We have now found that synapsin I forms a stable monolayer at an air-water interface which can be(More)
Proteins secreted by prokaryotic cells are synthesized as precursors containing an amino-terminal extension sequence or signal peptide. Although these signal peptides share little primary sequence homology, recent studies suggest that they function via common pathways during the transport process and that a common element may reside in their secondary(More)
The chemical synthesis of biologically active peptides and polypeptides can be achieved by using a convergent strategy of condensing protected peptide segments to form the desired molecule. An oxime support increases the ease with which intermediate protected peptides can be synthesized and makes this approach useful for the synthesis of peptides in which(More)
New active sites can be introduced into naturally occurring enzymes by the chemical modification of specific amino acid residues with the use of appropriately designed coenzyme analogs. The resultant semisynthetic enzymes can have catalytic activities very different from those of the corresponding native enzymes. For example, papain has been converted into(More)
The catalytically essential amino acid in the active site of bacterial alkaline phosphatase (Ser-102) has been replaced with a cysteine by site-directed mutagenesis. The resulting thiol enzyme catalyzes the hydrolysis of a variety of phosphate monoesters. The rate-determining step of hydrolysis, however, is no longer the same for catalysis when the active(More)
Micropipettes were used to record electrical activity from single neurons in hypothalamic tissue slices, in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC), and in the periventricular and suprachiasmatic preoptic nuclei (POA). Responses were measured following in vitro application of luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH), and two analogues: LHRH models 1 and(More)
Thailand, with one of the world's highest rates of forest destruction, has been under pressure to enact policies to reduce the loss of forest habitat. The government has responded by designating forests as protected areas, restricting access and use for the forest-dwelling communities and maintaining a threat of eviction. These marginalized communities(More)