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The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a high-fat, high-sucrose diet (HFS) and a low-fat, high-complex carbohydrate diet (LFC) on glucose tolerance, insulin binding, and glucose transport in rat skeletal muscle. During the intravenous glucose tolerance test, peak glucose values at 5 min were significantly higher in the HFS group; 0-, 20-,(More)
A number of hormones and neurohormones have been shown to exert their effect on their target tissues by altering the intracellular level of 3'5'-cyelic AM\IP.1 Among the processes mediated by cyclic AMP is the secretion of macromolecules by various endocrine and exocrine glands.2-5 Of particular interest to investigators studying the exocrine pancreas was(More)
A new method is described for isolation of sarcolemma (SL) from skeletal muscle of rats that produces vesicles of high purity and yield. There was a mean 59-fold purification (n = 22) of the SL marker enzyme K+-p-nitrophenylphosphatase. Specific activities of marker enzymes for sarcoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria were low, indicating minimal(More)
Hyphae of Aspergillus nidulans continued to synthesize all the major polysaccharide components of the cell wall when cycloheximide was added to cultures. In the presence of cycloheximide, hyphae did not elongate, but electron microscopy showed that the walls became thicker around the cell. The conclusion that cycloheximide changed wall synthesis from(More)
This study was designed to examine the effects of acute exercise, insulin stimulation, and their combination on the kinetics of glucose transport in rat skeletal muscle. Sarcolemmal (SL) membranes were isolated from control (C), acute exercise (E), insulin-stimulated (I), and combined (E + I) rats. Michaelis-Menten kinetics indicated that the Vmax for(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the abdominal muscle activity elicited while using 4 portable abdominal training devices vs. a traditional crunch. Thirty-three adults participated in this study. The exercise devices tested included the Ab Roller Plus, Torso Track 2, AB-DOer Pro, and the Perfect Abs. All subjects were tested on the Perfect Abs in(More)
This study was designed to examine the effect of insulin stimulation on glucose transport in rat skeletal muscle. Sarcolemmal vesicles (SL) were isolated from the gastrocnemius-plantaris and quadriceps muscles from insulin-stimulated and control groups. The insulin-stimulated group received an intravenous insulin injection (1 U/kg) 10 min before isolation.(More)
The present study compared the muscle activity elicited by selected abdominal training devices with muscle activity elicited by a traditional crunch. Forty-six adults participated in the study. The exercise devices tested included the Ab-ONE, Perfect Abs Roller, Ab Scissor, Ab Swing, 6SecondAbs, and the Torso Track. For those devices with variable(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare abdominal muscle activity while performing a crunch on a stability ball with a traditional crunch. Forty-one healthy adults (23 men and 18 women) participated in the study. The subjects performed the crunch with the ball in 2 positions, 1 with the ball at the level of the inferior angles of the scapula (SB-high) and(More)