Eric Spackman

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Influenza A viruses occur worldwide in wild birds and are occasionally associated with outbreaks in commercial chickens and turkeys. However, avian influenza viruses have not been isolated from wild birds or poultry in South America. A recent outbreak in chickens of H7N3 low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) occurred in Chile. One month later, after a(More)
Astroviruses are frequently associated with enteric diseases in poultry, being isolated from cases of runting-stunting syndrome (RSS) of broiler chickens, poult enteritis complex (PEC), and poult enteritis mortality syndrome (PEMS) of turkeys. Currently, five types of avian astrovirus have been identified: turkey astroviruses 1 and 2 (TAstV-1, TAstV-2),(More)
In this study, the development and validation of a real-time (ReTi) PCR assay is described using a Taqman labeled probe for the detection and quantitation of infectious larygotracheitis virus (ILTV) in chickens. The ReTi ILTV assay was highly specific with a quantitation limit of 100 viral template copies per amplification reaction. In experimentally(More)
CIAV-7 is a virus with similar pathogenic and physicochemical characteristics to, but antigenically distinct from, chicken infectious anemia virus (CIAV). The pathogenesis of CIAV-7 was evaluated in a comparative study with a representative isolate of CIAV, the Del-Ros strain. The pathogenesis of CIAV-7 was similar to Del-Ros on the basis of the clinical(More)
A putative new serotype of chicken infectious anemia virus (CIAV) isolated from 17-wk-old broiler breeder pullets was compared with a known, previously characterized CIAV isolate, the Del-Ros strain. Physicochemical characteristics evaluated induded thermal stability, size, pH, and chloroform sensitivity. Physicochemically, CIAV-7 was identical to CIAV. The(More)
The determinants of pathogenicity of Avian Influenza (AI) virus are not totally defined. Previous studies have pointed towards the importance of different influenza virus genes in determining virulence in various hosts. We used reverse genetics to generate recombinant viruses in order to better understand the role of recombination in AI pathogenesis and to(More)
The effects of avian leukosis virus subgroup J (ALV-J) infection on meat-type chickens reared in a simulated commercial setting were evaluated. Each of three ALV-J isolates was evaluated with both simulated horizontal transmission (SHT) and simulated vertical transmission (SVT). Mortality, morbidity, disease condemnations, and feed conversions were(More)
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