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The biological effects and expected fate of the vast amount of oil in the Gulf of Mexico from the Deepwater Horizon blowout are unknown owing to the depth and magnitude of this event. Here, we report that the dispersed hydrocarbon plume stimulated deep-sea indigenous γ-Proteobacteria that are closely related to known petroleum degraders.(More)
TOUGHREACT (Xu et al., 2006) is a general-purpose reactive geochemical transport numerical simulator. It deals with multiphase flow, solute transport and geochemical reactions including aqueous complexation, mineral dissolution/ precipitation and cation exchange. Making use of an extended Debye-Hückel ion activity model, this simulator can handle solutions(More)
TOUGHREACT is a numerical simulation program for chemically reactive non-isothermal flows of multiphase fluids in porous and fractured media, and was developed by introducing reactive chemistry into the multiphase fluid and heat flow simulator TOUGH2 V2. the most frequently requested of ESTSC's codes. The code has been widely used for studies in CO 2(More)
and diffusive transport). Developing tractable analytical equations for these processes requires simplifying as-Numerical simulations of transport and isotope fractionation pro-sumptions, which lead to analytical methods that are not vide a method to quantitatively interpret vadose zone pore water stable isotope depth profiles based on soil properties,(More)
BACKGROUND This study investigates the generation of HCl and other acid gases from boiling calcium chloride dominated waters at atmospheric pressure, primarily using numerical modeling. The main focus of this investigation relates to the long-term geologic disposal of nuclear waste at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, where pore waters around waste-emplacement(More)