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Slices of the molecular layer of the dentate gyrus of the hippocampal formation were incubated with either [14C]glucose, [14C]pyruvate or 14C glutamine and the efflux of endogenous and radioactive glutamate was monitored under various conditions. After prelabeling with either [14C]glutamine or [14C]glucose elevation of K+ concentration to 56 mM (Ca2+ free)(More)
Immuno-neutralization of procalcitonin (ProCT) has been shown to ameliorate experimental sepsis as well as the renal complications of this disease. Accordingly, we investigated the direct effect of ProCT on mesangial cells (MCs). Primary culture of murine MCs. ProCT (0.5, 1.0, 2.5, 5.0 ng/ml) for 2, 4, 6 h. MCs were exposed in vitro to ProCT. Expression(More)
BACKGROUND Respiratory tract infection is one of the most common reasons for hospitalization among adults, and recent evidence suggests that many of these illnesses are associated with viruses. Although bacterial infection is known to complicate viral infections, the frequency and impact of mixed viral-bacterial infections has not been well studied. (More)
BACKGROUND Serum procalcitonin levels have been used as a biomarker of invasive bacterial infection and recently have been advocated to guide antibiotic therapy in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, rigorous studies correlating procalcitonin levels with microbiologic data are lacking. Acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD)(More)
Background: Increased serum levels of procalcitonin (ProCT) and its component peptides have been reported in humans with sepsis. Using a hamster model of bacterial peritonitis, we investigated whether serum ProCT levels are elevated and correlate with mortality and hypocalcemia. Results: Incremental increases in doses of bacteria resulted in proportional(More)
The lung-associated peptide calcitonin (CT) has been localized by immunocytochemical means to discrete pulmonary endocrine (PE) cells. A long-term cell culture of CT-staining PE cells has been established. The molecular configuration of immunoreactive (iCT) from PE cell extracts was determined by gel chromatography, revealing predominantly large molecular(More)
The cellular processes that unfold in critical illness involve a variety of circulating substances, that may provide clinically relevant insight into the severity and outcome. Among hormonal markers, cortisol, several thyroid-related substances, as well as natriuretic peptides are discussed in this review. Glucose and lipids constitute metabolic markers,(More)
In this study we investigate the diagnostic value of pleural fluid procalcitonin (PCT) in distinguishing infectious and noninfectious etiologies of pleural effusion. We reviewed the medical records of 75 hospitalized patients who underwent thoracentesis between 2011 and 2012. Data on pleural fluid lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), protein, albumin, cell count(More)
A 67-year-old woman was admitted with signs and symptoms of Graves thyrotoxicosis. Biochemistry results were as follows: TSH was undetectable; FT4 was >6.99 ng/dL (0.7-1.8); FT3 was 18 pg/mL (3-5); TSI was 658% (0-139). Thyroid uptake and scan showed diffusely increased tracer uptake in the thyroid gland. The patient was started on methimazole 40 mg BID,(More)
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