Eric Schwartz

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OBJECTIVE Monocyte/macrophage inflammation is an important contributor to diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Studies have suggested saturated fatty acids (SFA) induce monocyte inflammation in a Toll-like receptor-4-dependent manner, but recent data suggest SFA do not directly interact with Toll-like receptor-4. The present study tests the novel hypothesis(More)
BACKGROUND Cervical (C)-spine clearance protocols exist both to identify traumatic injury and to expedite rigid collar removal. Computed tomography (CT) of the C-spine in trauma patients facilitates the removal of immobilization collars in patients who are neurologically intact, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become an indispensable adjunct for(More)
Since a nonmotile, primary (9 + 0) cilium projects from most mammalian kidney epithelial cells into the tubule lumen, where it is exposed to fluid motion, the present study examined primary cilium response to fluid shear stress. The reversible, large-angle bending of the primary cilium upon exposure to fluid shear forces (10(-11)-10(-10) N.m2 =(More)
Various in vitro models have been described that emulate one or more of the processes involved in angiogenesis in vivo. In the present study endothelial cells were cultured in three-dimensional type I collagen lattices in the presence of a mixture of basic fibroblast growth factor, vascular endothelial cell growth factor, and phorbol myristate acetate.(More)
CONTEXT Low plasma adiponectin concentrations in smokers may contribute to the adverse consequences that occur in these individuals. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to define the relationship among smoking, plasma adiponectin concentrations, insulin resistance, and inflammation. DESIGN This was a cross-sectional, observational study with a 2 x(More)
OBJECTIVE Chronic exenatide treatment in type 2 diabetes is associated with improved glucose control and fasting lipid levels, as well as weight loss. Less established is whether exenatide directly reduces postprandial lipid and lipoprotein levels without the reduction in body weight or fasting glucose and triglycerides levels that frequently occur with(More)
Accumulating clinical evidence indicates increased aortic stiffness, an independent risk factor for cardiovascular and all-cause mortality, in type 2 diabetic and glucose-intolerant individuals. The present study sought to determine whether increased mechanical stiffness, an altered extracellular matrix, and a profibrotic gene expression profile could be(More)
The major histological characteristic of sun-damaged skin is the accumulation of an elastotic material that appears to replace collagen. This elastotic material consists primarily of elastin and histological studies suggest a large loss of collagen in the dermis of chronically sun-damaged skin. In this study, we examine the content and distribution of(More)
OBJECTIVE Endothelial dysfunction is frequently present in individuals with insulin resistance or type 2 diabetes and can be induced by high-fat or high-carbohydrate meals. Because exenatide reduces postprandial glucose and lipid excursions, we hypothesized that it may also improve postprandial endothelial function. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In a(More)