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In this paper, we focus on statistical region-based active contour models where image features (e.g. intensity) are random variables whose distribution belongs to some parametric family (e.g. exponential) rather than confining ourselves to the special Gaussian case. In the framework developed in this paper, we consider the general case of region-based terms(More)
This paper evaluates five 3D ultrasound tracking algorithms regarding their ability to quantify abnormal deformation in timing or amplitude. A synthetic database of B-mode image sequences modeling healthy, ischemic and dyssynchrony cases was generated for that purpose. This database is made publicly available to the community. It combines recent advances in(More)
AIM Type 1 diabetes (T1D) involves complex metabolic disturbances in cardiomyocytes leading to morphological and functional abnormalities of the myocardium. The relationship between T1D and cardiac structure and function in children is not well established. Our study investigated whether T1D is associated with early subclinical myocardial disturbances in(More)
Wegener's disease is an inflammatory disease of unknown etiology, characterized by a granulomatous-necrotizing general vasculitis. Cardiac involvement in the form of aortic pathology is not frequent. We report a case of Wegener's granulomatosis which required prosthetic aortic valve replacement for aortic valve insufficiency. Microscopic examination of the(More)
BACKGROUND Echocardiographic ratio of peak tricuspid regurgitant velocity to the right ventricular outflow tract time-velocity integral (TRV/TVI rvot) was presented as a reliable non-invasive method of estimating pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). Studies using this technique in patients with moderate to high PVR are scarce. Left ventricular outflow tract(More)
In this paper, we propose to combine formally noise and shape priors in region-based active contours. On the one hand, we use the general framework of exponential family as a prior model for noise. On the other hand, translation and scale invariant Legendre moments are considered to incorporate the shape prior (e.g. fidelity to a reference shape). The(More)
Leiomyosarcoma of the heart is an uncommon primary malignant tumor with poor postoperative survival that may be measured in months. A leiomyosarcoma of the left atrium was diagnosed in a 47-year-old man. Initial admission was for acute pulmonary edema requiring emergency surgery. The tumor involved the left atrial cavity, and a radical resection was(More)
AIMS Obesity may have implications in the myocardial structural change, which may contribute to mechanical consequences. Using 2D speckle echocardiography, we looked for myocardial changes and investigated their relation to obesity, inflammation, insulin resistance and physical capacity in children with isolated obesity. METHODS AND RESULTS Standard(More)
BACKGROUND This prospective, observational study was designed to evaluate the feasibility and the safety of a new strategy for stenting in acute coronary syndromes: direct stent implantation without predilation of the culprit lesion. This strategy might reduce both the cost of the procedure and the rate of no-reflow, a phenomenon that is more frequently(More)