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BACKGROUND Coronary artery disease (CAD) patients are at risk for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias (VA) related to scar tissue. Late gadolinium enhancement cardiovascular magnetic resonance (LGE-CMR) can accurately identify myocardial scar extent. It has been shown that scar extent, particularly scar transmurality, percent scar and scar mass, are(More)
This paper evaluates five 3D ultrasound tracking algorithms regarding their ability to quantify abnormal deformation in timing or amplitude. A synthetic database of B-mode image sequences modeling healthy, ischemic and dyssynchrony cases was generated for that purpose. This database is made publicly available to the community. It combines recent advances in(More)
In this paper, we focus on statistical region-based active contour models where image features (e.g. intensity) are random variables whose distribution belongs to some parametric family (e.g. exponential) rather than confining ourselves to the special Gaussian case. In the framework developed in this paper, we consider the general case of region-based terms(More)
OBJECTIVE Potential cardiac sources of embolism may promote ischemic colitis. The aim of this study was to evaluate their role in segmental, nongangrenous ischemic colitis and to determine the usefulness of routine cardiac evaluation in patients with this disease. METHODS Sixty case and 60 control patients matched for age and gender were included and(More)
The prevalence of coronary artery disease in end-stage liver disease is only now being recognized. Liver transplant patients are a high risk subgroup for coronary artery disease, even if asymptomatic. Coronary artery disease is a predictor of poor outcomes; therefore, identification of those at risk must be a key clinical priority. However, risk assessment(More)
BACKGROUND Three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) is a reliable and reproducible tool for assessing left ventricular (LV) function but remains sensitive to patient echogenicity. Contrast-enhanced 3DE (C3DE) has the potential to improve quantification in challenging patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of temporal resolution, spatial(More)
We propose a new approach for the generation of synthetic but visually realistic time series of cardiac images based on an electromechanical model of the heart and real clinical 4-D image sequences. This is achieved by combining three steps. The first step is the simulation of a cardiac motion using an electromechanical model of the heart and the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Pulmonary embolism is thought to be associated with a small but definite risk of paradoxical embolism in patients with a patent foramen ovale (PFO). Although neurological complications are infrequent, the incidence of clinically silent brain infarction is unknown. We assessed the rate of clinically apparent and silent cerebral(More)