Eric S-W Chen

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The forkhead-associated (FHA) domain is the only known phosphoprotein-binding domain that specifically recognizes phosphothreonine (pThr) residues, distinguishing them from phosphoserine (pSer) residues. In contrast to its very strict specificity toward pThr, the FHA domain recognizes very diverse patterns in the residues surrounding the pThr residue. For(More)
Forkhead-associated (FHA) domains recognize phosphothreonines, and SQ/TQ cluster domains (SCDs) contain concentrated phosphorylation sites for ATM/ATR-like DNA-damage-response kinases. The Rad53-SCD1 has dual functions in regulating the activation of the Rad53-Dun1 checkpoint kinase cascade but with unknown molecular mechanisms. Here we present structural,(More)
The Na+/I- symporter (NIS)-mediated iodide uptake activity is the basis for targeted radioiodide ablation of thyroid cancers. Although it has been shown that NIS protein is phosphorylated, neither the in vivo phosphorylation sites nor their functional significance has been reported. In this study, Ser-43, Thr-49, Ser-227, Thr-577, and Ser-581 were(More)
Chemokines orchestrate leukocyte migration toward sites of inflammation and infection and target leukocytes via chemokine receptors such as CCR6, a subfamily of the seven-transmembrane G-protein-coupled receptors. Lipid rafts are cholesterol and sphingolipid-enriched liquid-ordered membrane microdomains thought to serve as scaffolding platforms for signal(More)
Type I protein arginine methyltransferases (PRMTs) catalyze asymmetric dimethylation of various proteins, and their dysregulations often correlate with tumorigenesis or developmental deficiency. Recent studies have focused on the in vivo substrate identification and the enzyme mechanism with peptide substrates. However, how PRMTs recognize substrates at the(More)
The essential yeast kinases Mec1 and Rad53, or human ATR and Chk1, are crucial for checkpoint responses to exogenous genotoxic agents, but why they are also required for DNA replication in unperturbed cells remains poorly understood. Here we report that even in the absence of DNA-damaging agents, the rad53-4AQ mutant, lacking the N-terminal Mec1(More)
Cetuximab, in combination with platinum chemotherapy plus 5-fluoruracil (5-FU), is approved for the first-line treatment of recurrent/metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). Cetuximab manufactured by ImClone (US commercial cetuximab) potentially results in higher systemic exposures than cetuximab manufactured by Boehringer Ingelheim(More)
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