Eric S. Underbakke

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Nitric oxide (NO) signaling pathways mediate diverse physiological functions, including vasodilation and neurotransmission. Soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC), the primary NO receptor, triggers downstream signaling cascades by producing the second messenger cGMP. NO binds the sGC heme cofactor to stimulate cyclase activity, yet the molecular mechanisms of(More)
Soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) is the primary mediator of nitric oxide (NO) signaling. NO binds the sGC heme cofactor stimulating synthesis of the second messenger cyclic-GMP (cGMP). As the central hub of NO/cGMP signaling pathways, sGC is important in diverse physiological processes such as vasodilation and neurotransmission. Nevertheless, the mechanisms(More)
Soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) is the primary nitric oxide (NO) receptor in mammals and a central component of the NO-signaling pathway. The NO-signaling pathways mediate diverse physiological processes, including vasodilation, neurotransmission, and myocardial functions. sGC is a heterodimer assembled from two homologous subunits, each comprised of four(More)
Adenylosuccinate synthetase governs the first committed step in the de novo synthesis of AMP. Mutations of conserved residues in the synthetase from Escherichia coli reveal significant roles for Val(273) and Thr(300) in the recognition of l-aspartate, even though these residues do not or cannot hydrogen bond with the substrate. The mutation of Thr(300) to(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) signaling regulates key processes in cardiovascular physiology, specifically vasodilation, platelet aggregation, and leukocyte rolling. Soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC), the mammalian NO sensor, transduces an NO signal into the classical second messenger cyclic GMP (cGMP). NO binds to the ferrous (Fe(2+)) oxidation state of the sGC heme(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) produced by NO synthase (NOS) participates in diverse physiological processes such as vasodilation, neurotransmission, and the innate immune response. Mammalian NOS isoforms are homodimers composed of two domains connected by an intervening calmodulin-binding region. The N-terminal oxidase domain binds heme and tetrahydrobiopterin and the(More)
Ideal photovoltaic cells would be black, absorbing all of the Sun’s radiation, whereas Nature’s machinery for solar energy harvesting— photosynthesis—looks green. Organic semiconductor devices, based on molecular building blocks, lie conceptionally between the extremes of inorganic and photosynthetic light harvesting. How can organic solar cells appear(More)
Background Soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) is a central target of nitric oxide (NO) action. sGC is a heterodimeric hemoprotein. The ferrous heme efficiently traps NO and plays an intimate role in activation of the enzyme to catalyse the conversion of GTP to cGMP. sGC is also the target for cardiovascular therapies involving small molecules that stimulate(More)
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