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[1] We present the first observations of tropospheric carbon monoxide (CO) by the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) onboard NASA's Aqua satellite. AIRS daily coverage of $70% of the planet represents a significant evolutionary advance in satellite trace gas remote sensing. Tropospheric CO abundances are retrieved from AIRS 4.55 mm spectral region using(More)
[1] In this paper we describe the methodology of an offline retrieval of CO 2 from AIRS data and show comparisons of these retrievals with all available NOAA ESRL/GMD aircraft data during 2005. In general, we find that when compared to the aircraft the AIRS CO 2 estimates agree to approximately ±0.5% in middle-tropospheric CO 2 column abundances between ±65(More)
—In this paper, we present an overview of averaging-kernel computations from the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) Version 5 product retrieval software. Temperature and moisture retrievals form the focus of this paper; however, some results for all other retrieved gas amounts are presented. The theory and methodology required to utilize the averaging(More)
—Herein we provide a description of the atmospheric infrared sounder (AIRS) version 5 (v5) carbon monoxide (CO) retrieval algorithm and its validation with the DACOM in situ measurements during the INTEX-A and-B campaigns. All standard and support products in the AIRS v5 CO retrieval algorithm are documented. Building on prior publications, we describe the(More)
Environmental Data Record (EDR) algorithm (Version 1.5) were evaluated with matched European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) data and other correlative data sets. Proxy radiances derived for the CrIS/ATMS instruments were used with the NGAS-CrIMSS EDR algorithm to retrieve temperature and water vapor profiles. Comparison of the CrIS/ATMS(More)
The surface-leaving radiance model developed in Part I [Appl. Opt.47,3701 (2008)] is validated against an exhaustive set of Fourier transform spectrometer field observations acquired at sea. Unlike prior limited studies, these data include varying all-sky atmospheric conditions (clear, cloudy, and dusty), with regional samples from the tropics,(More)
The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) on EOS/Aqua platform provides a measurement of global methane (CH 4) in the mid-upper troposphere since September, 2002. As a thermal infrared sounder, the most sensitivity of AIRS to atmospheric CH 4 is in the mid-upper troposphere with the degree of freedom of ~1.0. Validation of AIRS CH 4 product versus thousands(More)
[1] Accurate environmental satellite observations and calculations of top-of-atmosphere infrared (IR) spectral radiances are required for the accurate retrieval of environmental data records (EDRs), including atmospheric vertical temperature and moisture profiles. For this reason it is important that systematic differences between observations and(More)