Eric S Lugada

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To assess the validity of the reference values for hematologic and immunologic indices currently used in Africa, we evaluated blood samples from 3,311 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative Ugandans aged 1 week to 92 years. Erythrocyte, hemoglobin, and hematocrit levels and mean corpuscular volume all significantly increased with age (P < 0.001) and(More)
OBJECTIVE Due to high rates of undiagnosed and untreated HIV infection in Africa, we compared HIV counseling and testing (VCT) uptake among household members of patients receiving antiretroviral therapy. METHODS HIV-infected persons attending an AIDS clinic were randomized to a home-based or clinic-based antiretroviral therapy program including VCT for(More)
Malaria is a leading global cause of preventable morbidity and mortality, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, despite recent advances in treatment and prevention technologies. Scale-up and wide distribution of long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs) could rapidly decrease malarial disease in endemic areas, if used properly and continuously. Studies have(More)
BACKGROUND Integrated disease prevention in low resource settings can increase coverage, equity and efficiency in controlling high burden infectious diseases. A public-private partnership with the Ministry of Health, CDC, Vestergaard Frandsen and CHF International implemented a one-week integrated multi-disease prevention campaign. METHOD Residents of(More)
CD4+-cell count and viral load monitoring are expensive and unavailable to most human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected people in Africa. In an attempt to evaluate alternative methods for monitoring antiretroviral (ARV) therapy, we measured concentrations of immunoglobulin (Ig)A, IgM, IgG and IgG1 amongst adults with and without HIV in Uganda and(More)
BACKGROUND Many countries face severe scale-up barriers toward achievement of MDGs. We ascertained motivational and experiential dimensions of participation in a novel, rapid, "diagonal" Integrated Prevention Campaign (IPC) in rural Kenya that provided prevention goods and services to 47,000 people within one week, aimed at rapidly moving the region toward(More)
BACKGROUND Efficiently delivered interventions to reduce HIV, malaria, and diarrhea are essential to accelerating global health efforts. A 2008 community integrated prevention campaign in Western Province, Kenya, reached 47,000 individuals over 7 days, providing HIV testing and counseling, water filters, insecticide-treated bed nets, condoms, and for(More)
BACKGROUND Delivery of community-based prevention services for HIV, malaria, and diarrhea is a major priority and challenge in rural Africa. Integrated delivery campaigns may offer a mechanism to achieve high coverage and efficiency. METHODS We quantified the resources and costs to implement a large-scale integrated prevention campaign in Lurambi(More)
BACKGROUND Racial immuno-haematological differences have been reported in children but to date have not been well quantified. AIM To investigate differences in haemato-immunological markers over age between children born and living in Europe and Uganda. SUBJECTS HIV-uninfected children living in Uganda (n = 1633) with cross-sectional data. Black (n =(More)
OBJECTIVES We qualitatively assessed beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors related to diarrhea and water filtration in rural Kenya. METHODS A public health campaign was conducted in rural western Kenya to give community members a comprehensive prevention package of goods and services, including a personal water filter or a household water filter (or both).(More)