Eric S. Huseby

Learn More
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS) characterized by plaques of infiltrating CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells. Studies of MS and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of MS, focus on the contribution of CD4(+) myelin-specific T cells. The role of CD8(+) myelin-specific T cells in(More)
T cells bearing alphabeta T cell receptors (TCRs) recognize antigens in the form of peptides bound to class I or class II major histocompatibility proteins (MHC). TCRs on mature T cells are usually very specific for both peptide and MHC class and allele. They are picked out from a precursor population in the thymus by MHC-driven positive and negative(More)
A naive CD4(+) T cell population specific for a microbial peptide:major histocompatibility complex II ligand (p:MHCII) typically consists of about 100 cells, each with a different T cell receptor (TCR). Following infection, this population produces a consistent ratio of effector cells that activate microbicidal functions of macrophages or help B cells make(More)
To test whether highly crossreactive alphabeta T cell receptors (TCRs) produced during limited negative selection best illustrate evolutionarily conserved interactions between TCR and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules, we solved the structures of three TCRs bound to the same MHC II peptide (IAb-3K). The TCRs had similar affinities for IAb-3K(More)
CD8+ T cell tolerance to self-proteins prevents autoimmunity but represents an obstacle to generating T cell responses to tumor-associated antigens. We have made a T cell receptor (TCR) transgenic mouse specific for a tumor antigen and crossed TCR-TG mice to transgenic mice expressing the tumor antigen in hepatocytes (gag-TG). TCRxgag mice showed no signs(More)
Two contrasting theories have emerged that attempt to describe T-cell ligand potency, one based on the t(1/2) of the interaction and the other based on the equilibrium affinity (K(D)). Here, we have identified and studied an extensive set of T-cell receptor (TCR)-peptide-MHC (pMHC) interactions for CD4(+) cells that have differential K(D)s and kinetics of(More)
IL-17-producing Th (Th17) comprise a distinct lineage of pro-inflammatory Th that are major contributors to autoimmune diseases. Treatment with IL-6 and transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) induces naive CD4+ T cells to generate Th17, which also requires expression of the IL-6/TGFbeta target RORgammat. We reported that IL-6 transduces two signaling(More)
T lymphocytes (T cells) orchestrate adaptive immune responses that clear pathogens from infected hosts. T cells recognize short peptides (p) derived from antigenic proteins bound to protein products of the MHC genes. Recognition occurs when T cell receptor (TCR) proteins expressed on T cells bind sufficiently strongly to antigen-derived pMHC complexes on(More)
The T cell alphabeta receptor (TCR) recognizes foreign peptide antigens bound to proteins encoded in the MHC. The MHC portion of this complex contributes much to the footprint of the TCR on the ligand, yet T cells are usually very specific for individual foreign peptides. Here, we show that the development of peptide-specific T cells is not intrinsic to(More)
Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model for multiple sclerosis, is induced by activating a subset of myelin basic protein (MBP)-specific T cells that have escaped tolerance induction. Here, we define the tolerance mechanisms that eliminate the majority of MBP-specific T cells from the periphery. We show that MBP-specific T cells(More)