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Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) regulate the development and function of many types of neurons. However, little is known of the actual concentrations of BMPs in the various parts of the brain. In this study, we considered the possibility that BMPs might be present in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Western blot analysis of normal adult bovine CSF revealed the(More)
The aim of this study is to assess the performances of the global optimisation (GO) method (Bone position estimation from skin marker co-ordinates using GO with joint constraints. Journal of Biomechanics 32, 129-134) within the upper limb kinematics analysis. First the model of the upper limb is presented. Then we apply GO method in order to reduce skin(More)
The aims of this work were (1) to determine the dose-response relationship between ex vivo exposure to oxidizing pollutants such as nitrogen dioxide (NO2), the aldehyde acrolein, and ozone (O3), and the reactivity to agonists in isolated human bronchial smooth muscle; and (2) to investigate the alterations in the cellular mechanisms of human airway smooth(More)
We previously reported that NO2 and acrolein administered ex vivo to the lung altered the subsequent responsiveness of airway smooth muscle. The aim of this study was to determine the dose-response relationship for O3 in both human isolated bronchi and rat tracheae and to investigate the mechanisms underlying O3-induced airway responsiveness. Exposure to 1(More)
Considerable evidence has demonstrated that transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) plays a key role in hepatic fibrosis, the final common pathway for a variety of chronic liver diseases leading to liver insufficiency. Although a few studies have reported that blocking TGF-β with soluble receptors or siRNA can prevent the progression of hepatic fibrosis, as(More)
BACKGROUND Human red cells containing inositol hexaphosphate (IHP) have a lowered O2 affinity, though they are able to bind and carry about the same amount of oxygen as native cells. These modified cells therefore deliver oxygen more efficiently to the tissues, which is a property of potential clinical utility. Investigators set out to devise a system and(More)
A useful approach for constructing dose–response relationships and for studying the underlying mechanisms by which a xenobiotic agent enhances airway reactivity is to measure the response of an isolated airway following ex vivo exposure to a pollutant. We have in this way determined the dose–response relationship between ex vivo exposure to pollutants such(More)
This report describes the case of a 44-year-old man with pulmonary nodules whose histological analysis initially suggested tuberculosis. The Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MT) culture was negative and a questionnaire revealed a professional activity of brushing and polishing surgical instruments without any protection for 7 years.  A mineralogical analysis by(More)
We report on a study concerning a retrospective monocentric series of 73 lung cancers operated on between July 2004 and December 2009. All patients had a mineralogical analysis of a sample of lung tissue combined with an occupational questionnaire. This combination enables us to suggest a declaration of occupational exposure in almost one third of cases. We(More)