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Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by enhanced proliferation and reduced apoptosis of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). Because microRNAs have been recently implicated in the regulation of cell proliferation and apoptosis, we hypothesized that these regulatory molecules might be implicated in the etiology of PAH. In this(More)
The HBO1 HAT protein is the major source of histone H4 acetylation in vivo and has been shown to play critical roles in gene regulation and DNA replication. A distinctive characteristic of HBO1 HAT complexes is the presence of three PHD finger domains in two different subunits: tumor suppressor proteins ING4/5 and JADE1/2/3. Biochemical and functional(More)
Intense efforts are currently being directed toward profiling gene expression in the hope of developing better cancer markers and identifying potential drug targets. Here, we present a sensitive new approach for the identification of cancer signatures based on direct high-throughput reverse transcription-PCR validation of alternative splicing events. This(More)
Werner syndrome (WS) is characterized by the premature onset of several age-associated pathologies. The protein deficient in WS (WRN) is a RecQ-type DNA helicase involved in DNA repair, replication, telomere maintenance and transcription. However, precisely how WRN deficiency leads to the numerous WS pathologies is still unknown. Here we use short-term(More)
Rtt106 is a histone chaperone that has been suggested to play a role in heterochromatin-mediated silencing in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. It interacts physically and functionally with the chromatin assembly factor-1 (CAF-1), which is associated with replication-coupled nucleosomal deposition. In this work, we have taken several approaches to study Rtt106 in(More)
Werner syndrome is a premature aging disorder caused by mutations in a RecQ-like DNA helicase. Mice lacking the helicase domain of the WRN homologue exhibit many features of Werner syndrome, including a pro-oxidant status and a shorter mean life span. Here, we show that resveratrol supplementation improved the hyperglycemia and the insulin resistance(More)
BACKGROUND Extravasation of circulating cancer cells is a key event of metastatic dissemination that is initiated by the adhesion of cancer cells to endothelial cells. It requires interactions between adhesion receptors on endothelial cells and their counter-receptors on cancer cells. Notably, E-selectin, a major endothelial adhesion receptor, interacts(More)
Upon DNA damage induction, DNA-dependent poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs) synthesize an anionic poly(ADP-ribose) (pADPr) scaffold to which several proteins bind with the subsequent formation of pADPr-associated multiprotein complexes. We have used a combination of affinity-purification methods and proteomics approaches to isolate these complexes and(More)
Alternative splicing is a key mechanism regulating gene expression, and it is often used to produce antagonistic activities particularly in apoptotic genes. Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoparticle (hnRNP) proteins form a family of RNA-binding proteins that coat nascent pre-mRNAs. Many but not all major hnRNP proteins have been shown to participate in(More)
Inducing an apoptotic response is the goal of most current chemotherapeutic interventions against cancer. However, little is known about the effect of chemotherapeutic agents on the alternative splicing of apoptotic genes. Here, we have tested 20 of the mainstream anticancer drugs for their ability to influence the production of Bcl-x splice isoforms. We(More)