Eric R. Hugo

Learn More
BACKGROUND The incidence of obesity has risen dramatically over the last few decades. This epidemic may be affected by exposure to xenobiotic chemicals. Bisphenol A (BPA), an endocrine disruptor, is detectable at nanomolar levels in human serum worldwide. Adiponectin is an adipocyte-specific hormone that increases insulin sensitivity and reduces tissue(More)
New information about the effects of prolactin (PRL) on metabolic processes warrants re-evaluation of the overall metabolic actions of PRL. PRL affects metabolic homeostasis by regulating key enzymes and transporters that are associated with glucose and lipid metabolism in several target organs. In the lactating mammary gland, PRL increases the production(More)
Bisphenol A (BPA) is one of the most prevalent and best studied endocrine disruptors. After years of exposure to consumer products containing BPA, most individuals tested have circulating BPA at the low nanomolar levels. In addition to its well documented actions on the reproductive system, BPA exerts a wide variety of metabolic effects. This review(More)
Pituitary-derived prolactin (PRL) is a well-known regulator of the lactating mammary gland. However, the recent discovery that human adipose tissue produces PRL as well as expresses the PRL receptor (PRLR) highlights a previously unappreciated action of PRL as a cytokine involved in adipose tissue function. Biologically active PRL is secreted by all adipose(More)
This review summarizes knowledge about the structure of nuclear genes and mitochondrial DNA in Acanthamoeba. The information about nuclear genes is derived from studies of DNA, RNA and protein sequences. The genes considered are those for 5S, 5.8S and 18S rRNA, actin I, profilins Ia/b and II, myosins IB, IC and II, and calmodulin. All of the sequences show(More)
BACKGROUND Prolactin (PRL) is a multifunctional hormone produced in humans by both pituitary and extrapituitary sites, including adipose tissue. OBJECTIVES Our objectives were to: 1) compare PRL secretion by sc and visceral adipose explants and mature adipocytes from obese and nonobese patients; and 2) examine the effects of insulin and selected cytokines(More)
IL-6 is an important cytokine that regulates both immune and metabolic functions. Within adipose tissue, preadipocytes produce significant amounts of IL-6, but little is known about the factors or mechanisms that regulate IL-6 production in these cells. Using LS14, a newly developed human adipocyte cell line, our objective was to determine the mechanisms by(More)
Evidence for subdivision of the cell cycle of Acanthamoeba into ultradian biochemical cycles is accumulating, and a linkage between these cycles and the length of the cell cycle is possible. The DNA replication cycle differs with the method of assay: no G1 phase is found in asynchronous cultures, and a long G1 phase is found in synchronous cultures.(More)
INTRODUCTION Dopamine (DA) binds to five receptors (DAR), classified by their ability to increase (D1R-like) or decrease (D2R-like) cAMP. In humans, most DA circulates as dopamine sulfate (DA-S), which can be de-conjugated to bioactive DA by arylsulfatase A (ARSA). The objective was to examine expression of DAR and ARSA in human adipose tissue and determine(More)
Prolactin (PRL), best recognized for its lactogenic activity, is also involved in the regulation of metabolic homeostasis in both mammalian and nonmammalian species. Although several mouse models have been used to study the metabolic functions of PRL, a clear-cut consensus has not emerged given the limited and often conflicting data. To clarify the role of(More)