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Hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) is a high explosive which presents an environmental hazard as a major land and groundwater contaminant. Rhodococcus rhodochrous strain 11Y was isolated from explosive contaminated land and is capable of degrading RDX when provided as the sole source of nitrogen for growth. Products of RDX degradation in(More)
A representative of a group of related Rhodococcus arsenic resistance plasmids was characterized, locating the resistance genes and regions influencing host range and controlling copy number. This information, together with identification of antibiotic resistance determinants to replace the arsenic marker was used to construct Rhodococcus-Escherichia coli(More)
The enzymes responsible for the degradation of isopropylbenzene (IPB) and co-oxidation of trichloroethene (TCE) by Rhodococcus erythropolis BD2 are encoded by the linear plasmid pBD2. Fragments containing IPB catabolic genes were cloned from pBD2 and the nucleotide sequence was determined. By means of database searches and expression of the cloned genes in(More)
Mycobacterium smegmatis DSM43756 inactivates rifampin, and the inactivated antibiotic product recovered from culture medium was ribosylated on the 23-OH group. To study this process, the gene responsible for the inactivation was expressed at high levels by the lac promoter in Escherichia coli conferring resistance to >500 microg of antibiotic per ml. Cell(More)
Three mutants with ribosomes apparently lacking Protein L11, AM68, AM76, and AM77, were investigated using a variety of immunological techniques to determine whether L11 was indeed lacking. Ouchterlony double diffusion, modified immunoelectrophoresis, and dimer formation on sucrose gradients all gave results indicating Protein L11 was missing from the(More)
Mycobacterium smegmatis inactivates rifampin by ribosylating this antibiotic. The gene responsible for this ability was cloned and was shown to confer low-level resistance to this antibiotic (MIC increase, about 12-fold) in related organisms. A 600-bp subclone responsible for ribosylating activity and resistance carried an open reading frame of 429 bp.(More)
A DNA clone from Rhodococcus equi conferring low-level rifampin resistance through the ability to inactivate this antibiotic via its decomposition was identified. The iri (inactivation of rifampin) gene consisted of an open reading frame of 1,437 bp encoding a 479-amino-acid sequence strongly resembling those of monooxygenases acting upon phenolic compounds(More)
The function of protein L1 in protein biosynthesis has been examined using ribosomes from two independently derived mutants of Escherichia coli, both of which lacked this protein. In systems in vitro with phage MS2 RNA or poly(U) as message, the mutant ribosomes showed from 40% to 60% of the activity of wild-type ribosomes. The reduction in activity was(More)