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Medical treatment and chemotherapy are seldom successful in achieving objective tumour reduction in patients with metastatic neuroendocrine tumours. Treatment with the radiolabelled somatostatin analogue [(90)Y-DOTA(0),Tyr(3)]octreotide may result in partial remissions in 10-25% of patients. The newer analogue [DOTA(0),Tyr(3)]octreotate (octreotate) has a(More)
We studied the diagnostic accuracy of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with technetium 99m-labeled hexamethylpropylene amine oxime (Tc 99m HMPAO) in 48 patients with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD) according to NINCDS-ADRDA criteria and in 60 controls recruited from a population-based study. With logistic regression, we identified(More)
The shape, size and location of regions of interest (ROIs) show considerable variability between single-photon emission tomography (SPET) studies in aging and Alzheimer's disease, but the possible influence on study results remains unknown. We compared three different ROIs in a SPET study with 60 controls and in 48 patients with probable Alzheimer's disease(More)
PURPOSE Adequate dosimetry is mandatory for effective and safe peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT). Besides the kidneys, the bone marrow is a potentially dose-limiting organ. The radiation dose to the bone marrow is usually calculated according to the MIRD scheme, where the accumulated activity in the bone marrow is calculated from the accumulated(More)
Somatostatin analogs are used in the control of hormonal hypersecretion and tumor growth of patients with acromegaly, islet cell carcinomas and carcinoids. Recently we showed that somatostatin receptor positive tumors can be visualized in vivo after the administration of radioactive isotope-labelled somatostatin analogs. Receptor imaging was positive in(More)
Although it was originally believed that thyroid hormones enter target cells by passive diffusion, it is now clear that cellular uptake is effected by carrier-mediated processes. Two stereospecific binding sites for each T4 and T3 have been detected in cell membranes and on intact cells from humans and other species. The apparent Michaelis-Menten values of(More)
The role of the deiodinases D1, D2, and D3 in the tissue-specific and time-dependent regulation of thyroid hormone bioactivity during fetal development has been investigated in animals but little is known about the ontogeny of these enzymes in humans. We analyzed D1, D2, and D3 activities in liver microsomes from 10 fetuses of 15-20 weeks gestation and from(More)
Various endocrine-related tumours contain large numbers of high-affinity somatostatin receptors. 123I-labelled tyr-3-octreotide (tyr-3-SMS 201-995, a synthetic derivative of somatostatin) was used to localise such tumours in vivo with a gamma-camera. Positive scans were obtained for two meningiomas, two gastrinomas, and one carcinoid; negative scans were(More)
Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was studied in 60 elderly persons (aged 65 to 84 years) recruited from a population-based study, with single photon emission computed tomography using technetium 99m-labeled hexamethylpropylene amine oxime. We investigated whether it is only age that affects rCBF or whether other factors can be indentified that explain(More)