Learn More
Animal experiments remain essential to understand the fundamental mechanisms underpinning malignancy and to discover improved methods to prevent, diagnose and treat cancer. Excellent standards of animal care are fully consistent with the conduct of high quality cancer research. Here we provide updated guidelines on the welfare and use of animals in cancer(More)
Trichostatin A is a potent and specific histone deacetylase inhibitor with promising antitumor activity in preclinical models. Plasma pharmacokinetics of trichostatin A were studied following single-dose intraperitoneal administration of 80 mg/kg (high dose) or 0.5 mg/kg (low dose) to female BALB/c mice. Plasma trichostatin A concentrations were quantified(More)
Development of hypoxia-targeted therapies has stimulated the search for clinically applicable noninvasive markers of tumour hypoxia. Here, we describe the validation of [(18)F]fluoroetanidazole ([(18)F]FETA) as a tumour hypoxia marker by positron emission tomography (PET). Cellular transport and retention of [(18)F]FETA were determined in vitro under air vs(More)
Intra-tumour heterogeneity is a characteristic shared by all cancers. We explored the use of texture variables derived from images of [(18)F]fluorothymidine-positron emission tomography (FLT-PET), thus notionally assessing the heterogeneity of proliferation in individual tumours. Our aims were to study the range of textural feature values across tissue(More)
BACKGROUND Fluorouracil is widely used for chemotherapy of gastrointestinal cancer, but response rates are poor. Eniluracil is being developed as an inactivator of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase, the enzyme that brings about first-pass degradation of fluorouracil. We studied the mechanism of action of eniluracil by measuring with positron emission(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of carbogen gas (95% O2-5% CO2) on uptake and metabolism of 5-fluorouracil (5FU) in murine RIF-1 tumors and their growth in vivo. In addition, we have explored the mechanisms by which carbogen can transiently affect the physiology of RIF-1 tumors. After i.p. injection of 1 mmol/kg 5FU into C3H mice, the(More)
A functional genomics study revealed that the activity of acetyl-CoA synthetase 2 (ACSS2) contributes to cancer cell growth under low-oxygen and lipid-depleted conditions. Comparative metabolomics and lipidomics demonstrated that acetate is used as a nutritional source by cancer cells in an ACSS2-dependent manner, and supplied a significant fraction of the(More)
It is well known that low levels of tissue oxygen (pO2) protect tumour cells from ionising radiation and some chemotherapeutic agents. Thus, numerous studies have been aimed at developing methods to measure tissue oxygenation. An initial discussion of some of the traditional methods for measuring oxygenation is included, followed by a discussion of magnetic(More)
PURPOSE XR5000 (N-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]acridine-4-carboxamide) is a topoisomerase I and II inhibitor. Because the cytotoxicity of XR5000 increases markedly with prolonged exposure, we performed a phase I study of weekly XR5000 by 120-hour continuous infusion over 3 weeks. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twenty-four patients with advanced solid cancer were treated(More)
Radiolabelled compounds formulated for injection (radiopharmaceuticals), are increasingly being employed in drug development studies. These can be used in tracer amounts for either pharmacokinetic or pharmacodynamic studies. Such radiotracer studies can also be carried out early in man, even prior to conventional Phase I clinical testing. The aim of this(More)