Eric O. Aboagye

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Animal experiments remain essential to understand the fundamental mechanisms underpinning malignancy and to discover improved methods to prevent, diagnose and treat cancer. Excellent standards of animal care are fully consistent with the conduct of high quality cancer research. Here we provide updated guidelines on the welfare and use of animals in cancer(More)
Trichostatin A is a potent and specific histone deacetylase inhibitor with promising antitumor activity in preclinical models. Plasma pharmacokinetics of trichostatin A were studied following single-dose intraperitoneal administration of 80 mg/kg (high dose) or 0.5 mg/kg (low dose) to female BALB/c mice. Plasma trichostatin A concentrations were quantified(More)
Development of hypoxia-targeted therapies has stimulated the search for clinically applicable noninvasive markers of tumour hypoxia. Here, we describe the validation of [(18)F]fluoroetanidazole ([(18)F]FETA) as a tumour hypoxia marker by positron emission tomography (PET). Cellular transport and retention of [(18)F]FETA were determined in vitro under air vs(More)
A functional genomics study revealed that the activity of acetyl-CoA synthetase 2 (ACSS2) contributes to cancer cell growth under low-oxygen and lipid-depleted conditions. Comparative metabolomics and lipidomics demonstrated that acetate is used as a nutritional source by cancer cells in an ACSS2-dependent manner, and supplied a significant fraction of the(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of carbogen gas (95% O2-5% CO2) on uptake and metabolism of 5-fluorouracil (5FU) in murine RIF-1 tumors and their growth in vivo. In addition, we have explored the mechanisms by which carbogen can transiently affect the physiology of RIF-1 tumors. After i.p. injection of 1 mmol/kg 5FU into C3H mice, the(More)
Estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) is a ligand-inducible transcription factor that acts to regulate gene expression by binding to palindromic DNA sequence, known as the estrogen response element, in promoters of estrogen-regulated genes. In breast cancer ERalpha plays a central role, where estrogen-regulated gene expression leads to tumor initiation, growth(More)
Intra-tumour heterogeneity is a characteristic shared by all cancers. We explored the use of texture variables derived from images of [(18)F]fluorothymidine-positron emission tomography (FLT-PET), thus notionally assessing the heterogeneity of proliferation in individual tumours. Our aims were to study the range of textural feature values across tissue(More)
A novel probe, N-(2-hydroxy-3,3,3,-trifluoropropyl)-2-(2-nitro-1-imidazolyl) acetamide (SR-4554), has been used to detect tumor hypoxia noninvasively by 19F magnetic resonance spectroscopy (19F MRS). The compound was designed to undergo a hypoxia-dependent, one-electron reduction to metabolites that are selectively retained in tumors and has attractive(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate tumor, normal tissue, and plasma pharmacokinetics of N-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]acridine-4-carboxamide (DACA). The study aimed to determine the pharmacokinetics of carbon-11-labeled DACA ([11C]DACA) and evaluate the effect of pharmacologic doses of DACA on radiotracer kinetics. PATIENTS AND METHODS [11C]DACA (at 1/1,000 phase I starting(More)
PURPOSE XR5000 (N-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]acridine-4-carboxamide) is a topoisomerase I and II inhibitor. Because the cytotoxicity of XR5000 increases markedly with prolonged exposure, we performed a phase I study of weekly XR5000 by 120-hour continuous infusion over 3 weeks. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twenty-four patients with advanced solid cancer were treated(More)