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The [FeFe]- and [NiFe]-hydrogenases catalyze the formal interconversion between hydrogen and protons and electrons, possess characteristic non-protein ligands at their catalytic sites and thus share common mechanistic features. Despite the similarities between these two types of hydrogenases, they clearly have distinct evolutionary origins and likely(More)
Humans have three functioning genes that encode copper-containing amine oxidases. The product of the AOC1 gene is a so-called diamine oxidase (hDAO), named for its substrate preference for diamines, particularly histamine. hDAO has been cloned and expressed in insect cells and the structure of the native enzyme determined by X-ray crystallography to a(More)
Pichia pastoris lysyl oxidase (PPLO) is unique among the structurally characterized copper amine oxidases in being able to oxidize the side chain of lysine residues in polypeptides. Remarkably, the yeast PPLO is nearly as effective in oxidizing a mammalian tropoelastin substrate as is a true mammalian lysyl oxidase isolated from bovine aorta. Thus, PPLO is(More)
Bacterial spores are remarkable in their resistance to chemical and physical stresses, including exposure to UV radiation. The unusual UV resistance of bacterial spores is a result of the unique photochemistry of spore DNA, which results in accumulation of 5-thyminyl-5,6-dihydrothymine (spore photoproduct, or SP), coupled with the efficient repair of(More)
In an effort to determine the specific protein component(s) responsible for in vitro activation of the [FeFe] hydrogenase (HydA), the individual maturation proteins HydE, HydF, and HydG from Clostridium acetobutylicum were purified from heterologous expressions in Escherichia coli. Our results demonstrate that HydF isolated from a strain expressing all(More)
Recent advances in our understanding of the mechanisms for the biosynthesis of the complex iron-sulfur (Fe-S) containing prosthetic groups associated with [FeFe]-hydrogenases and nitrogenases have revealed interesting parallels. The biosynthesis of the H-cluster ([FeFe]-hydrogenase) and the FeMo-co (nitrogenase) occurs through a coordinated process that(More)
Potential dioxygen-binding sites in three Cu amine oxidases have been investigated by recording X-ray diffraction data at 1.7-2.2A resolution for crystals under a high pressure of xenon gas. Electron-density difference maps and crystallographic refinement provide unequivocal evidence for a number of Xe-binding sites in each enzyme. Only one of these sites(More)
Biosynthesis of the unusual organometallic H-cluster at the active site of the [FeFe]-hydrogenase requires three accessory proteins, two of which are radical AdoMet enzymes (HydE, HydG) and one of which is a GTPase (HydF). We demonstrate here that HydG catalyzes the synthesis of CO using tyrosine as a substrate. CO production was detected by using(More)