Eric M. Schauber

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Robert D. Holt*, Andrew P. Dobson, Michael Begon, Roger G. Bowers and Eric M. Schauber Department of Zoology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA Department of Environmental and Evolutionary Biology, Liverpool L69 3BX, UK Department of Applied(More)
Establishment and spread of infectious diseases are controlled by the frequency of contacts among hosts. Although managers can estimate transmission coefficients from the relationship between disease prevalence and age or time, they may wish to quantify or compare contact rates before a disease is established or while it is at very low prevalence. Our(More)
Statistical power analysis can be used to increase the efficiency of research efforts and to clarify research results. Power analysis is most valuable in the design or planning phases of research efforts. Such prospective (a priori) power analyses can be used to guide research design and to estimate the number of samples necessary to achieve a high(More)
Masting, the intermittent production of large flower or seed crops by a population of perennial plants, can enhance the reproductive success of participating plants and drive fluctuations in seed-consumer populations and other ecosystem components over large geographic areas. The spatial and taxonomic extent over which masting is synchronized can determine(More)
We monitored the short term behavioral and demographic responses of gray-tailed voles ( Microtus canicaudus ) to the reduction and fragmentation of their habitat. Our objectives were (1) to test whether animals perished or moved into remaining fragments after 70% of their habitat was removed; and (2) to test the null hypothesis that the social structure and(More)
Variation in annual flowering effort is described for 16 long datasets from 11 species of Chionochloa (Poaceae) in New Zealand. All populations exhibited extreme mast seeding. The most variable species was C. crassiuscula (coefficient of variation, CV=3.02) over 26 years at Takahe Valley, Fiordland, which is the highest published CV we know of worldwide.(More)
Variation in the size of home range of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) has broad implications for managing populations, agricultural damage, and disease spread and transmission. Size of home range of deer also varies seasonally because plant phenology dictates the vegetation types that are used as foraging or resting sites. Knowledge of the(More)
Small rodents such as the white-footed mouse (Peromyscus leucopus) and the eastern chipmunk (Tamias striatus) efficiently transmit Borrelia burgdorferi, the etiologic agent of Lyme disease, to feeding ticks, whereas other hosts of ticks are less efficient reservoirs of B. burgdorferi. We examined the roles of ground-foraging and groundnesting songbirds as(More)
Institute of Ecosystem Studies, 65 Sharon Turnpike, P.O. Box AB, Millbrook, NY 12545-0129, USA (MJC, EMS, AF, CGJ, BJG, RSO) Cooperative Wildlife Research Laboratory and Department of Zoology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL 62901-6504, USA (MJC, EMS) Department of Biological Sciences, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556-0369, USA(More)
Chronic wasting disease (CWD), a fatal transmissible spongiform encephalopathy of deer (Odocoileus spp.) and elk (Cervus elaphus), presents a challenge to wildlife managers because little is known about its transmission, yet it could severely threaten wildlife populations if action is not taken rapidly. Published mathematical models predict that CWD could(More)