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BACKGROUND The fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery (FLS) program has been extensively validated for use as a high-stakes examination for certification purposes, but optimal methods for its use in skills training have not been described. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of implementing a proficiency-based FLS skills training curriculum and to(More)
Currently, no optimal curriculum exists for the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) manual skills training program. The objective was to create a proficiency-based training curriculum that would allow both successful completion of the FLS manual skills exam and improved performance in the operating room. Two experienced laparoscopic surgeons(More)
SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA To inform surgeons about the practical issues to be considered for successful integration of virtual reality simulation into a surgical training program. The learning and practice of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) makes unique demands on surgical training programs. A decade ago Satava proposed virtual reality (VR) surgical(More)
Given the dynamic nature of modern surgical education, determining factors that may improve the efficiency of laparoscopic training is warranted. The objective of this study was to analyze whether perceptual, visuo-spatial, or psychomotor aptitude are related to the amount of training required to reach specific performance-based goals on a virtual reality(More)
BACKGROUND Trainees acquire endoscopic skills at different rates. Fundamental abilities testing could predict the amount of training required to reach a performance goal on a virtual-reality simulator. METHODS Eleven medical students were tested for fundamental abilities. Baseline endoscopic proficiency was evaluated with the GI Mentor II VR simulator(More)
BACKGROUND Advanced surgical skills such as laparoscopic suturing are difficult to learn in an operating room environment. The use of simulation within a defined skills-training curriculum is attractive for instructor, trainee, and patient. This study examined the impact of a curriculum-based approach to laparoscopic suturing and knot tying. STUDY DESIGN(More)
OBJECTIVE Current skills assessment in the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) program is labor intensive, requiring one proctor for every 1-2 subjects. The ProMIS Augmented Reality (AR) simulator (Haptica, Dublin IR) allows for objective assessment of physical tasks through instrument tracking technology. We hypothesized that the ProMIS metrics(More)
The objective of this study was to determine whether the GI Mentor II virtual reality simulator can distinguish the psychomotor skills of intermediately experienced endoscopists from those of novices, and do so with a high level of consistency and reliability. A total of five intermediate and nine novice endoscopists were evaluated using the EndoBubble(More)
BACKGROUND Loss of depth cues is a major challenge facing surgeons performing video-assisted surgery (VAS). Whether the degradation of image quality from a video-displayed image plays a direct role in performance of VAS has not been studied. METHODS Twenty-four volunteer novice subjects were randomized to binocular direct-vision (BDV), monocular(More)