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The adenosine A(2A) receptor has been implicated in the underlying biology of various neurological and psychiatric disorders, including Parkinson's disease (PD) and depression. Preladenant and SCH 412348 [7-[2-[4-2,4-difluorophenyl]-1-piperazinyl]ethyl]-2-(2-furanyl)-7H-pyrazolo[4,3-e][1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]pyrimidin-5-amine] are potent competitive(More)
Galanin is a ubiquitous neuropeptide that regulates a wide array of physiological processes via interaction with specific G protein-coupled receptors. A rat galanin receptor cDNA was cloned from the Rin14B insulinoma cell line. The isolated cDNA encodes a 346 amino acid G protein-coupled receptor that is 92% identical to the recently reported human GALR1(More)
We quantified the effects amphetamine (AMPH), phenylethylamine (PEA), tyramine (TYR), octopamine (OCT) and DA, on initial rates of DA uptake (striatal minces), binding of [3H]mazindol to the neuronal uptake (NU) site (striatal membranes) and on DA and dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) efflux (striatal slices). In general, the order of potency for the three(More)
RATIONALE Modulation of metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) subtypes represents a novel approach for the treatment of neurological and psychiatric disorders. OBJECTIVES This study was conducted to investigate the role of the mGluR5 and mGluR1 subtypes in the modulation of pain and anxiety. METHODS The mGluR5 antagonists,(More)
Vasopressin and corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) are both critical regulators of an animal's stress response and have been linked to anxiety and depression. As such, antagonists of the CRF1 and V1b receptor subtypes are being developed as potential treatments for affective disorders. The two most characterized V1b and CRF1 antagonists are SSR149415 and(More)
RATIONALE Previous studies have demonstrated behaviors indicative of anxiolysis in rats pretreated with the nociceptin receptor (opioid receptor like-1, ORL-1) agonist, Ro64-6198. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to examine the effects of Ro64-6198 in anxiety models across three species: rat, guinea pig, and mouse. In addition, the receptor(More)
A gene encoding a novel G protein-coupled 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptor, termed 5-HT5B, was cloned. The ligand binding profile of this receptor is distinct from that of other cloned 5-HT receptors. The 5-HT5B receptor couples to a G protein in COS1 cell membranes; however, activation of the 5-HT5B receptor does not appear to alter either cAMP(More)
Patients with Alzheimer's disease suffer from progressive cognitive impairments and show distinct post-mortem neuropathology, including beta-amyloid plaques. Transgenic (Tg) CRND8 mice carry a mutated human amyloid precursor protein gene and show age-related increases in beta-amyloid production and plaque deposition. It was previously reported that during(More)
Galanin mediates diverse physiological functions in digestive, endocrine, and central nervous systems through G-protein-coupled receptors. Two galanin receptors have been cloned but the gene structures are unknown. We report genomic and cDNA cloning of the mouse GalR1 galanin receptor and demonstrate that the coding sequence is uniquely divided into three(More)
Molecular cloning of the rat and human 5-hydroxytryptamine1B (5-HT1B) receptors has revealed that the primary amino acid sequence of these two receptors is > 90% identical. Despite this high degree of primary sequence homology, these two receptors have significantly different pharmacological properties. A mutant human 5-HT1B receptor was constructed in(More)