Eric M Fèvre

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BACKGROUND Measuring disease and injury burden in populations requires a composite metric that captures both premature mortality and the prevalence and severity of ill-health. The 1990 Global Burden of Disease study proposed disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) to measure disease burden. No comprehensive update of disease burden worldwide incorporating a(More)
BACKGROUND Non-fatal health outcomes from diseases and injuries are a crucial consideration in the promotion and monitoring of individual and population health. The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) studies done in 1990 and 2000 have been the only studies to quantify non-fatal health outcomes across an exhaustive set of disorders at the global and regional(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantify the public health and economic burden of endemic canine rabies in Africa and Asia. METHODS Data from these regions were applied to a set of linked epidemiological and economic models. The human population at risk from endemic canine rabies was predicted using data on dog density, and human rabies deaths were estimated using a series(More)
BACKGROUND Sleeping sickness, caused by two trypanosome subspecies, Trypanosoma brucei gambiense and Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, is a parasitic disease transmitted by the tsetse fly in sub-Saharan Africa. We report on a recent outbreak of T b rhodesiense sleeping sickness outside the established south-east Ugandan focus, in Soroti District where the(More)
BACKGROUND Following World Health Assembly resolutions 50.36 in 1997 and 56.7 in 2003, the World Health Organization (WHO) committed itself to supporting human African trypanosomiasis (HAT)-endemic countries in their efforts to remove the disease as a public health problem. Mapping the distribution of HAT in time and space has a pivotal role to play if this(More)
Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT, or sleeping sickness) is a protozoan parasitic infection caused by Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense or Trypanosoma brucei gambiense. These are neglected tropical diseases, and T.b. rhodesiense HAT is a zoonosis. We review current knowledge on the burden of HAT in sub-Saharan Africa, with an emphasis on the(More)
Sleeping sickness presents clinically as two distinct diseases, reflecting the fact that two very different trypanosomes are responsible. The African Rift separating East and West Africa defines the distribution of the two diseases. In this review, Susan Welburn, Eric Fèvre, Paul Coleman, Martin Odiit and Ian Maudlin discuss the biology and distribution of(More)
BACKGROUND The expansion of sleeping sickness caused by Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense beyond its traditional focus in southeast Uganda has been linked with large-scale livestock restocking. To assess the risk presented to the human population by domestic livestock, human-infective T b rhodesiense must be distinguished from non-human-infective T brucei(More)
Peter J. Hotez*, Miriam Alvarado, Marı́a-Gloria Basáñez, Ian Bolliger, Rupert Bourne, Michel Boussinesq, Simon J. Brooker, Ami Shah Brown, Geoffrey Buckle, Christine M. Budke, Hélène Carabin, Luc E. Coffeng, Eric M. Fèvre, Thomas Fürst, Yara A. Halasa, Rashmi Jasrasaria, Nicole E. Johns, Jennifer Keiser, Charles H. King, Rafael Lozano, Michele E. Murdoch,(More)
BACKGROUND Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT), also known as sleeping sickness, persists as a public health problem in several sub-Saharan countries. Evidence-based, spatially explicit estimates of population at risk are needed to inform planning and implementation of field interventions, monitor disease trends, raise awareness and support advocacy.(More)