Eric Levesque

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Genetic polymorphisms occur in many of the drug metabolizing enzymes. However, the effect of polymorphisms in the genes encoding phase II drug metabolizing UDP-glucuronosyltransferases is still undescribed, despite the many reported cases of variations in glucuronidation activities. Characterization of the UGT2B15(Y85) cDNA, which was isolated from human(More)
Androgens and estrogens play major roles in cell differentiation, cell growth, and peptide secretion in steroid target tissues. In addition to the binding of these hormones to their receptors, formation and metabolism are important in the action of steroids. Metabolism of the potent steroid hormones includes glucuronidation, a major pathway of steroid(More)
UGT2B17 is a UDP-glucuronosyltransferase enzyme expressed in several extrahepatic steroid target tissues, including the human prostate, where it glucuronidates C19 steroids such as dihydrotestosterone (DHT), androsterone (ADT), and androstane-3alpha, 17beta-diol (3alpha-diol). To determine if UGT2B17 is regulated by physiological effectors of the human(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Cirrhotic patients admitted to an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) have a poor prognosis. Identifying patients in whom ICU care will be useful can be challenging. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of prognostic scores with respect to mortality and to identify mortality risk factors. METHODS Three hundred and seventy-seven(More)
In recent years, the enzymes which are involved in the formation of DHT in steroid target tissues have been well investigated, however, enzymes responsible for the catabolism and elimination of steroids in these tissues, in particular the uridine diphospho-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) family of enzymes, have received much less attention. We have recently(More)
To isolate cDNA clones encoding novel UGT2B enzymes, human prostate and LNCaP cell cDNA libraries were screened using a pool of steroid-specific UGT2B cDNA probes. In approximately 10(6) recombinants, we isolated 3 cDNA clones of 2.1 kilobases that encode a novel UGT2B enzyme. UGT2B17 is 95% identical with UGT2B15 and 91% identical with UGT2B8. Primary(More)
Variations in glucuronidation activities among different individuals have been reported; however, genetic polymorphisms in the genes encoding phase II drug metabolizing UDP-glucuronosyltransferases have not been studied extensively. A novel UGT2B cDNA clone UGT2B4(E458) was isolated from human prostate and LNCaP cell cDNA libraries. The cDNA encoding(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a frequent syndrome (30% prevalence), characterized by acute decompensation of cirrhosis, organ failure(s) and high short-term mortality. This study develops and validates a specific prognostic score for ACLF patients. METHODS Data from 1349 patients included in the CANONIC study were used. First,(More)
UNLABELLED UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) is involved in a wide range of biological and pharmacological processes because of its critical role in the conjugation of a diverse array of endogenous and exogenous compounds. We now describe a new UGT1A1 isoform, referred to as isoform 2 (UGT1A1_i2), encoded by a 1495-bp complementary DNA isolated from(More)
UNLABELLED We previously reported that polymorphisms in the UGT2B7 and UGT1A9 genes are associated with significant alteration in the disposition of mycophenolic acid (MPA) in healthy volunteers. AIM This study further evaluates the impact of genetic polymorphisms at the UGT1A1, UGT1A7 and ABCC2 loci. METHODS Genetic analyses of five UGT candidate genes(More)