Eric L Schneider

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Human lymphocytes were either exposed to X-irradiation (25 to 200 rads) or treated with H2O2 (9.1 to 291 microM) at 4 degrees C and the extent of DNA migration was measured using a single-cell microgel electrophoresis technique under alkaline conditions. Both agents induced a significant increase in DNA migration, beginning at the lowest dose evaluated.(More)
The alkaline microgel electrophoresis technique was modified to achieve a substantial increase in sensitivity for the detection of radiation-induced DNA damage in human lymphocytes. This increased sensitivity was achieved through: (1) the addition of free radical scavengers to the electrophoresis solution to reduce DNA damage generated during alkaline(More)
The DNA of human and mouse sperm cells was analyzed by single-cell microgel electrophoresis, by agarose gel electrophoresis, and by alkaline elution--three techniques that can detect single-strand DNA breaks and/or labile sites. Under these conditions a surprisingly large number of single-strand DNA breaks, approximately 10(6) to 10(7) per genome, were(More)
Differences between early and late passage cell cultures on the organelle and macromolecular levels have been attributed to cellular "aging". However, concern has been expressed over whether changes in diploid cell populations after serial passage in vitro accurately reflect human cellular aging in vivo. Studies were therefore undertaken to determine if(More)
Genes that act inside the cell to negatively regulate proliferation are of great interest because of their implications for such processes as development and cancer, but these genes have been difficult to clone. This report details the cloning and analysis of cDNA for prohibitin, a novel mammalian antiproliferative protein. Microinjection of synthetic(More)
Previous biochemical studies on DNA repair competence and aging have been limited to techniques, such as alkaline elution or nucleoid sedimentation, involving mass cell populations. These techniques provide no information about the distribution of DNA damage and repair among individual cells and are unlikely to detect age-dependent changes affecting a minor(More)
Ticks are ectoparasitic blood-feeders and important vectors for pathogens including arboviruses, rickettsiae, spirochetes and protozoa. As obligate blood-feeders, one possible strategy to retard disease transmission is disruption of the parasite's ability to digest host proteins. However, the constituent peptidases in the parasite gut and their potential(More)
The effects of a number of chemicals on sister-chromatid exchange (SCE) frequencies in in vivo and in vitro systems are reviewed. Standardized protocols for future SCE testing in important systems, as well as for evaluation of test results, are presented. Data reported thus far suggest that SCE analysis may prove useful, especially at a secondary level, as(More)
Krabbe's disease is caused by a deficiency of galactocerebrosidase in organs and tissues. Determinations of galactocerebrosidase activity had required the use of galactocerebroside labeled with radiocarbon or radiohydrogen. These materials are expensive and their use is restricted to laboratories with radioactive counting facilities. An analogue of(More)