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BACKGROUND Hypotension doubles the adverse outcome of severe brain injury (BI). This finding is thought to be due to secondary ischemia caused by cerebral hypoperfusion. Aggressive prehospital fluid resuscitation in BI is advocated to maintain mean arterial pressure (MAP). Increasing MAP by prehospital fluid resuscitation before control of hemorrhage is(More)
Despite improvements in cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) design, application of timely infection control practices, and administration of antibiotic prophylaxis at the time of device placement, CIED infections continue to occur and can be life-threatening. This has prompted the study of all aspects of CIED infections. Recognizing the(More)
Executive Summary I n spite of the evolution of antimicrobial therapy and sepsis prevention, infections affecting the heart and the valves continue to create significant morbidity and mortality, leading to valvular incompetence, emboliza-tion, cerebrovascular accidents and congestive heart failure. Based upon a review of the literature from January 2000 to(More)
BACKGROUND Use of both internal thoracic arteries has been limited in diabetic patients fearing an increased incidence of deep sternal wound infection. We analyzed this concern by querying The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Database. METHODS Diabetic patients who had isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery during 2002 to 2004 were included if they had(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic infusion of glucose-insulin-potassium (GIK) is thought to confer myocardial protection during ischemia-reperfusion injury. Our laboratory has experience with real-time monitoring of glucose and pH levels using needle-mounted biosensors. We tested the hypothesis that GIK enhances myocardial metabolism as displayed by real-time myocardial(More)
The objective of this study was to determine whether elevated levels of N-ras correlated with clinicopathological data. Complete clinical data were available on 133 of 481 patients surgically treated for squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) who had immunohistochemical data for N-ras. Advanced stages of disease were strongly related to the(More)
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