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PURPOSE Prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA) is a cell surface glycoprotein that is overexpressed in prostate cancer, including hormone refractory disease. Previous preclinical studies showed the intact anti-PSCA antibodies, 1G8 and hu1G8, localized specifically to PSCA-expressing xenografts. Optimal micro positron emission tomography (microPET) imaging using(More)
Prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA), a cell surface glycoprotein expressed in normal human prostate and bladder, is over-expressed in the majority of localized prostate cancer and most bone metastases. We have previously shown that the hu1G8 minibody, a humanized anti-PSCA antibody fragment (single-chain Fv-CH3 dimer, 80 kDa), can localize specifically and(More)
PURPOSE The inability to visualize cancer during prostatectomy contributes to positive margins, cancer recurrence, and surgical side effects. A molecularly targeted fluorescent probe offers the potential for real-time intraoperative imaging. The goal of this study was to develop a probe for image-guided prostate cancer surgery. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN An(More)
We tested the hypothesis that phosphorylation of S6 ribosomal protein (S6RP), a downstream target of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway, is a biomarker of antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) in heart allografts. Primary cultures of human aortic and microvascular endothelial cells (EC) were treated with anti-HLA class I and class II antibodies (Ab) and cell lysates(More)
Transplant recipients exhibiting a humoral immune response to the allograft demonstrate lower graft survival and increased risk for the development of chronic rejection and transplant arteriosclerosis. Our studies suggest that anti-HLA class I antibodies (Ab) play an important role in controlling endothelial cell (EC) function by binding to class I(More)
PURPOSE Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecologic malignancy. One promising biomarker is epithelial membrane protein 2 (EMP2), and its expression is an independent prognostic indicator for tumors with poor clinical outcome expression. The present study assesses the suitability of EMP2 as a therapeutic target. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Human monovalent(More)
The present work demonstrates the use of small bivalent engineered antibody fragments, cys-diabodies, for biological modification of nanoscale particles such as quantum dots (Qdots) for detection of target antigens. Novel bioconjugated quantum dots known as immunoQdots (iQdots) were developed by thiol-specific oriented coupling of tumor specific(More)
This case study describes early phase purification process development for a recombinant anticancer minibody produced in mammalian cell culture. The minibody did not bind to protein A. Cation-exchange, anion-exchange, hydrophobic-interaction, and hydroxyapatite (eluted by phosphate gradient) chromatographic methods were scouted, but the minibody coeluted(More)
Chronic rejection is the major limitation to long-term allograft survival. HLA class I signaling pathways have been implicated in this process because ligation of class I molecules by anti-HLA antibodies (Ab) initiates intracellular signals in smooth muscle cells (SMC) and endothelial cells (EC) that synergize with growth factor receptors to elicit cell(More)
Methods for tagging biomolecules with fluorine 18 as immuno-positron emission tomography (immunoPET) tracers require tedious optimization of radiolabeling conditions and can consume large amounts of scarce biomolecules. We describe an improved method using a digital microfluidic droplet generation (DMDG) chip, which provides computer-controlled metering and(More)