Eric J . Lenze

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A recent paradigm shift in systems neuroscience is the division of the human brain into functional networks. Functional networks are collections of brain regions with strongly correlated activity both at rest and during cognitive tasks, and each network is believed to implement a different aspect of cognition. We propose here that anxiety disorders and high(More)
Depression and anxiety disorders are associated with excess disability. The authors searched the recent geriatric literature for studies associating late-life depression or anxiety with physical disability. Studies showed depression in old age to be an independent risk factor for disability; similarly, disability was found to be a risk factor for(More)
Age-associated alterations in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis functioning may make individuals more susceptible to HPA dysregulation in the context of mood and anxiety disorders. Little to no research has been done to examine HPA axis function in generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), particularly in late-life GAD, the most prevalent anxiety disorder(More)
OBJECTIVE Anxiety disorders are common in adults with depressive disorders, but several studies have suggested a relatively low prevalence of anxiety disorders in older individuals with depression. This cross-sectional study measured current and lifetime rates and associated clinical features of anxiety disorders in depressed elderly patients. METHOD(More)
This review aims to address issues unique to older adults with anxiety disorders in order to inform potential changes in the DSM-V. Prevalence and symptom expression of anxiety disorders in late life, as well as risk factors, comorbidity, cognitive decline, age of onset, and treatment efficacy for older adults are reviewed. Overall, the current literature(More)
Since psychiatric disorders differ throughout the lifespan in phenomenology, course, and treatment, there is need for study of comorbidity of such disorders in geriatric populations. Prior findings of low prevalence of comorbid late-life anxiety disorders in depressed elderly are now disputed by recent studies. Risk factors for comorbid late-life depression(More)
CONTEXT Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in older adults; however, few data exist to guide clinicians in efficacious and safe treatment. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are efficacious for younger adults with GAD, but benefits and risks may be different in older adults. OBJECTIVE To examine(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the burden of Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), a common anxiety disorder in older adults. DESIGN Cross-sectional. SETTING Late-life depression and anxiety research clinic in Pittsburgh, PA. PARTICIPANTS One hundred sixty-four older adults with GAD and 42 healthy comparison participants with no lifetime history of psychiatric(More)
BACKGROUND Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is the most prevalent anxiety disorder among the elderly and has high functional and cognitive morbidity. However, late-life GAD is relatively understudied and its functional neuroanatomy is uncharted. Several imaging studies have suggested abnormalities in the cognitive control systems of emotion regulation in(More)