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Leukocyte adhesion through L-selectin to peripheral node addressin (PNAd, also known as MECA-79 antigen), an L-selectin ligand expressed on high endothelial venules, has been shown to require a minimum level of fluid shear stress to sustain rolling interactions (Finger, E.B., K.D. Puri, R. Alon, M.B. Lawrence, V.H. von Andrian, and T.A. Springer. 1996.(More)
Current concepts of chemokine receptor (CKR) association with Th1 and Th2 cell polarization and effector function have largely ignored the diverse nature of effector and memory T cells in vivo. Here, we systematically investigated the association of 11 CKRs, singly or in combination, with CD4 T cell polarization. We show that Th1, Th2, Th0, and nonpolarized(More)
The dissemination of IgA-dependent immunity between mucosal sites has important implications for mucosal immunoprotection and vaccine development. Epithelial cells in diverse gastrointestinal and nonintestinal mucosal tissues express the chemokine MEC/CCL28. Here we demonstrate that CCR10, a receptor for MEC, is selectively expressed by IgA Ab-secreting(More)
Leukocyte recruitment during inflammation is achieved through a multistep paradigm that includes margination, selectin-mediated rolling, beta 2 integrin-mediated firm adhesion, emigration, and migration into the site of inflammation. We have used the mouse cremaster muscle as a model of trauma- and cytokine-induced inflammation to study the possible role of(More)
Leukocyte capture and rolling are mediated by calcium-dependent lectins expressed on most leukocytes (L-selectin) and the vascular endothelium (P- and E-selectin). To study the role of the selectins during inflammation, we have investigated leukocyte rolling in venules of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha)-treated mouse cremaster muscles in wild-type(More)
Mucosae-associated epithelial chemokine (MEC) is a novel chemokine whose mRNA is most abundant in salivary gland, with strong expression in other mucosal sites, including colon, trachea, and mammary gland. MEC is constitutively expressed by epithelial cells; MEC mRNA is detected in cultured bronchial and mammary gland epithelial cell lines and in epithelia(More)
Immune defence against pathogens entering the gut is accomplished by lymphocytes in the gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT), a major compartment of the immune system. The GALT, comprising Peyer's patches, lamina propria lymphocytes and intra-epithelial lymphocytes of the intestine, is populated by lymphocytes that migrate there from the vasculature. Here(More)
Chemokine receptor expression is finely controlled during T-cell development. We show that newly identified chemokine receptor Bonzo/CXCR6 is expressed by subsets of Th1 or T-cytotoxic 1 (Tc1) cells, but not by Th2 or Tc2 cells, establishing Bonzo as a differential marker of polarized type 1 T cells in vitro and in vivo. Priming of naive T cells by(More)
During the initial phase of the inflammatory response, leukocytes marginate and roll along the endothelial surface, a process mediated largely by the selectins and their ligands. Mice with mutations in individual selectins show no spontaneous disease and have mild or negligible deficiencies of inflammatory responses. In contrast, we find that mice with null(More)
The selectins are inducible adhesion molecules critically important for the inflammatory response. We investigate here the functional effects of three monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) raised against murine E-selectin (9A9, 10E6, and 10E9.6) on neutrophil recruitment in vivo, leukocyte rolling and circulating leukocyte concentrations in vivo, and adhesion of(More)