Eric J. Hawkins

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Client-focused research systems have been developed to monitor and provide feedback information about clients’ progress in psychotherapy as a method of enhancing outcome for those who are predicted to be treatment failures. In the current study, the authors examined whether feedback regarding client progress and the use of clinical support tools (CSTs)(More)
Enhancing treatment outcomes for clients who are predicted to deteriorate before leaving treatment has important implications for quality of client care. The effects of three interventions aimed at reducing client deterioration were examined in a sample of 1,374 clients whose outcome was contrasted across experimental groups and with a no-feedback/ archival(More)
Patient-focused research attempts to provide information that answers the question: Is this treatment benefiting this patient? Although several systems have been developed to monitor and provide feedback about a patient's response to psychotherapy, few if any have been tested empirically. The current study divided 609 patients into four groups (two(More)
BACKGROUND Alcohol screening and brief interventions (BIs) are ranked the third highest US prevention priority, but effective methods of implementing BI into routine care have not been described. OBJECTIVES This study evaluated the prevalence of documented BI among Veterans Affairs (VA) outpatients with alcohol misuse before, during, and after(More)
Alcohol screening questionnaires have typically been validated when self- or researcher-administered. Little is known about the performance of alcohol screening questionnaires administered in clinical settings. The purpose of this study was to compare the results of alcohol screening conducted as part of routine outpatient clinical care in the Veterans(More)
We present two methods of enhancing outcome and preventing treatment failure in psychotherapy. The first involves providing therapists with a decision tree and several assessment measures for clients who are not having a positive response to psychotherapy. The organization of the decision tree and the selection of measures were based on results from(More)
Brief alcohol counseling is a top US prevention priority but has not been widely implemented. The lack of an easy performance measure for brief alcohol counseling is one important barrier to implementation. The purpose of this report is to outline important issues related to measuring performance of brief alcohol counseling in health care settings. We(More)
BACKGROUND Mental health problems have been identified among soldiers serving in Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF), but little is known about the prevalence and management of alcohol misuse in OEF/OIF veterans seen in the Veterans Administration health care system (VA). METHODS We identified 12,092 veterans (n=2009 women) 55 and(More)
Patients who misuse alcohol are at increased risk for surgical complications. Four weeks of preoperative abstinence decreases the risk of complications, but practical approaches for early preoperative identification of alcohol misuse are needed. To evaluate whether results of alcohol screening with the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test - Consumption(More)
BACKGROUND Alcohol screening scores ≥5 on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Consumption (AUDIT-C) up to a year before surgery have been associated with postoperative complications, but the association with postoperative health care use is unknown. This study evaluated whether AUDIT-C scores in the year before surgery were associated with(More)