Eric J. Brown

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In 2008 we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, research on this topic has continued to accelerate, and many new scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Accordingly, it is important to update these guidelines for monitoring autophagy(More)
Single-cell mouse embryos were infected in vitro with recombinant lentiviral vectors to generate transgenic mice carrying the green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene driven by a ubiquitously expressing promoter. Eighty percent of founder mice carried at least one copy of the transgene, and 90% of these expressed GFP at high levels. Progeny inherited the(More)
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that leads to complications including heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, blindness and nerve damage. Type 2 diabetes, characterized by target-tissue resistance to insulin, is epidemic in industrialized societies and is strongly associated with obesity; however, the mechanism by which increased adiposity causes(More)
Developmental abnormalities, cancer, and premature aging each have been linked to defects in the DNA damage response (DDR). Mutations in the ATR checkpoint regulator cause developmental defects in mice (pregastrulation lethality) and humans (Seckel syndrome). Here we show that eliminating ATR in adult mice leads to defects in tissue homeostasis and the(More)
¶A variety of instruments have been used in an attempt to operationalize DSM-IV criteria for premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) and to understand clinically significant premenstrual syndrome (PMS). The objectives of this research were to devise a simple user friendly screening tool to identify women who suffer from severe PMS/PMDD and who are likely to(More)
Although a small decrease in survival and increase in tumor incidence was observed in ATR(+/-) mice, ATR(-/-) embryos die early in development, subsequent to the blastocyst stage and prior to 7.5 days p.c. In culture, ATR(-/-) blastocysts cells continue to cycle into mitosis for 2 days but subsequently fail to expand and die of caspase-dependent apoptosis.(More)
The structurally related natural products rapamycin and FK506 bind to the same intracellular receptor, FKBP12, yet the resulting complexes interfere with distinct signalling pathways. FKBP12-rapamycin inhibits progression through the G1 phase of the cell cycle in osteosarcoma, liver and T cells as well as in yeast, and interferes with mitogenic signalling(More)
We have identified a family of resistin-like molecules (RELMs) in rodents and humans. Resistin is a hormone produced by fat cells. RELMalpha is a secreted protein that has a restricted tissue distribution with highest levels in adipose tissue. Another family member, RELMbeta, is a secreted protein expressed only in the gastrointestinal tract, particularly(More)
A Cre/lox-conditional mouse line was generated to evaluate the role of ATR in checkpoint responses to ionizing radiation (IR) and stalled DNA replication. We demonstrate that after IR treatment, ATR and ATM each contribute to early delay in M-phase entry but that ATR regulates a majority of the late phase (2-9 h post-IR). Double deletion of ATR and ATM(More)