Eric J. Albert

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The mechanisms initiating eosinophil influx into sites of inflammation have been well studied in allergic disease but are poorly understood in other settings. This study examined the roles of TLR2 and mast cells in eosinophil accumulation during a nonallergic model of eosinophilia-associated colitis. TLR2-deficient mice (TLR2(-/-)) developed a more severe(More)
Langerhans cells and mast cells are both resident in large numbers in the skin and act as sentinel cells in host defense. The ability of mast cells to induce Langerhans cell migration from the skin to the draining lymph node in vivo was examined. Genetically mast cell-deficient (W/Wv) mice and control mice were sensitized with IgE Ab in the ear pinna. Seven(More)
BACKGROUND A critical role for the gut epithelium lies in its ability to discriminate between pathogens and commensals and respond appropriately. Dysfunctional interactions between microbes and epithelia are believed to have a role in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In this study, we analyzed microbiota and gene expression in IBD patients and examined(More)
Mutations in toll-like receptors that mediate bacterial recognition by the mammalian innate immune system have the potential to substantially alter the composition of an individual's microbiota. Here we tested this hypothesis by comparing the intestinal microbiota of toll-like receptor 2-deficient mice, both young and middle aged, with that of wild-type(More)
Impaired epithelial barrier function and estrogens are recognized as factors influencing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) pathology and disease course. Estrogen receptor-β (ERβ) is the most abundant estrogen receptor in the colon and a complete absence of ERβ expression is associated with disrupted tight-junction formation and abnormal colonic architecture.(More)
Age-associated changes in immune function and their implications for intestinal inflammation are poorly understood. Defects in innate immunity have been shown to enhance intestinal inflammation and have been demonstrated upon aging. This study aimed to determine the consequences of aging in the presence and absence of TLR2 on intestinal inflammation. Young(More)
On exposure to sunlight, urocanic acid (UCA) in the skin is converted from trans to the cis form and distributed systemically where it confers systemic immunosuppression. The aim of this study was to determine if administration of cis-UCA would be effective in attenuating colitis and the possible role of IL-10. Colitis was induced in 129/SvEv mice by(More)
Intestinal epithelial cells and antigen-presenting cells orchestrate mucosal innate immunity. This study investigated the role of bacterial DNA in modulating epithelial and bone marrow-derived antigen-presenting cells (BM-APCs) and subsequent T-lymphocyte responses. Murine MODE-K epithelial cells and BM-APCs were treated with DNA from either Bifidobacterium(More)
The etiology of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) is largely unknown, but appears to be perpetuated by uncontrolled responses to antigenic components of the endogenous flora. Tolerance to antigenic stimulation can be achieved by exposure to a given antigen in high amounts (high dose tolerance). Colitis induced by feeding of Dextran Sodium Sulfate (DSS) is(More)