Learn More
OBJECTIVE The mechanism of neovascularization during the proliferative phase of infantile hemangioma is poorly understood. It is known that circulating bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) form new blood vessels in ischemic tissues using mediators regulated by the transcription factor, HIF-1alpha. Mobilization of EPCs is enhanced by(More)
IMPORTANCE Time to surgery (TTS) is of concern to patients and clinicians, but controversy surrounds its effect on breast cancer survival. There remains little national data evaluating the association. OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between the time from diagnosis to breast cancer surgery and survival, using separate analyses of 2 of the(More)
Genetic algorithms were used to select and create features and to select reference exemplar patterns for machine vision and speech pattern classification tasks. For a complex speech recognition task, genetic algorithms required no more computation time than traditional approaches to feature selection but reduced the number of input features required by a(More)
Hemangiomas are the most common tumor of infancy, and although the natural history of these lesions is well described, their etiology remains unknown. One current theory attributes the development of hemangiomas to placentally-derived cells; however, conclusive evidence to support a placental origin is lacking. While placental tissue and hemangiomas do(More)
The purpose of this study is to determine the initial career choice of plastic surgery residents after completion of training during the last five years and to identify any factors that may influence choice of career path. Demographic data were obtained from graduates of Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-accredited US plastic(More)
BACKGROUND Microvascular complications after free flap breast reconstruction are devastating problems that increase patient morbidity and potentially lead to flap loss. Yet, there is a dearth of literature about rates of free flap salvage after recurrent vascular thromboses. METHODS A retrospective review of all patients undergoing microvascular breast(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous studies have demonstrated that immediate breast reconstruction following mastectomy is associated with improvements in quality of life and body image. However, immediate breast reconstruction for advanced-stage breast cancer remains controversial. This study evaluates its safety in patients with advanced-stage breast cancer. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Advanced age is known to impair neovascularization. Because endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) participate in this process, we examined the effects of aging on EPC recruitment and vascular incorporation. METHODS AND RESULTS Murine neovascularization was examined by use of an ischemic flap model, which demonstrated aged mice (19 to 24 months)(More)
BACKGROUND Cells from the bone marrow contribute to ischemic neovascularization, but the identity of these cells remains unclear. The authors identify mesenchymal stem cells as a bone marrow-derived progenitor population that is able to engraft into peripheral tissue in response to ischemia. METHODS A murine model of skin ischemia was used. Bone marrow,(More)