Learn More
BACKGROUND Ionic liquids (ILs) are considered as suitable candidates for lignocellulosic biomass pretreatment prior enzymatic saccharification and, obviously, for second-generation bioethanol production. However, several reports showed toxic or inhibitory effects of residual ILs on microorganisms, plants, and animal cells which could affect a subsequent(More)
The supramolecular structure of four model celluloses was altered prior to their enzymatic saccharification using two ionic liquid pretreatments: one with the commonly used 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate ([Emim](+)[CH(3)COO](-)) and the other with the newly developed 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium methylphosphonate ([Emim](+)[MeO(H)PO(2)](-)). The(More)
The development of second-generation bioethanol involves minimizing the energy input throughout the processing steps. We report here that efficient ionic liquid pretreatments of cellulose can be achieved with short duration times (20 min) at mild temperature (45°C) with [Emim](+)[MeO(H)PO(2)](-) and at room temperature (25 °C) with [Emim](+)[CH(3)COO](-).(More)
The enzymatic hydrolysis of β-lactoglobulin and the fractionation of peptides were performed in one step in an electrodialysis cell with ultrafiltration membranes stacked. After 240 min of treatment, 15 anionic and 4 cationic peptides were detected in the anionic and cationic peptide recovery compartments. Amongst these 15 anionic peptides, 2(More)
In this study, ultrasound (US) and high voltage electrical discharges (HVED) were combined with chemical treatments (soda or organosolv) for rapeseed straw delignification. Delignification was improved by both physical pretreatments. US increased the extractability of hemicelluloses and HVED induced a partial degradation of cellulose. Best synergies were(More)
Valorization of lignin is essential for the economic viability of the biorefinery concept. For example, the enhancement of lignin hydrophobicity by chemical esterification is known to improve its miscibility in apolar polyolefin matrices, thereby helping the production of bio-based composites. To this end and due to its many reactive hydroxyl groups, lignin(More)
  • 1