Learn More
Drugs that target microtubules are among the most commonly prescribed anticancer therapies. Although the mechanisms by which perturbation of microtubule function leads to selective death of cancer cells remain unclear, several new microtubule-targeting compounds are undergoing clinical testing. In part, these efforts focus on overcoming some of the problems(More)
The use of pharmacologic agents in the treatment of pulmonary hypertension has not proved to be uniformly successful or predictable. One possible reason for the vagaries in response is that the pulmonary vascular lesions are not consistent. We examined the relation between the structure of the pulmonary resistance vessels in unexplained (primary) pulmonary(More)
Aurora kinase overexpression has been observed in patients with hematologic malignancies. MK-0457, a pan-aurora kinase inhibitor that also inhibits the ABL T315I mutant, was evaluated to treat patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) or Philadelphia chromosome (Ph+) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with the T315I mutation. Adults with Ph+ chronic(More)
PURPOSE Vorinostat is a histone deacetylase inhibitor that has demonstrated preclinical activity in numerous cancer models. Clinical activity has been demonstrated in patients with a variety of malignancies. Vorinostat is presently indicated for the treatment of patients with advanced cutaneous T cell lymphoma (CTCL). Clinical investigation is ongoing for(More)
Human U-937 myeloid leukemia cells were selected for resistance to increasing concentrations of the camptothecin derivative, 9-nitro-20(S)camptothecin (9-NC). The isolated single cell clone, designated U-937/CR, was approximately 20-fold resistant to 9-NC. Analysis of topoisomerase I (topo I) gene expression in U-937/CR cells demonstrated similar mRNA(More)
The N-terminus of human topoisomerase I participates in the binding of this enzyme to helicases and other proteins. Using the N-terminal 250 amino acids of human topoisomerase I and a yeast two-hybrid/ in vitro binding screen, a novel arginine-serine-rich peptide was identified as a human topoisomerase I-binding protein. The corresponding full-length(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the safety and maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) of weekly patupilone, a natural epothilone B, in patients with advanced solid tumors. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients were treated with patupilone (0.3 to 3.6 mg/m2) for 6 weeks on/3 weeks off or 3 weeks on/1 week off. Dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), MTD, and pharmacokinetics were determined(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of the present study was to continue the investigation of the membrane transport mechanisms of 20-(S)-camptothecin (CPT) in order to understand the possible role of membrane transporters on its oral bioavailability and disposition. METHODS The intestinal transport kinetics of CPT were characterized using Caco-2 cells, MDCKII(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety and tolerability of Zosuquidar.3HCl, a potent inhibitor of P-glycoprotein (Pgp), when administered p.o. alone and in combination with doxorubicin and to determine whether Zosuquidar.3HCl affects doxorubicin pharmacokinetics and inhibits Pgp function in peripheral blood natural killer(More)
PURPOSE To investigate safety, tolerability, dose-related pharmacologic properties, and pharmacodynamics of ZD1839 (gefinitib, Iressa; AstraZeneca Pharmacueticals, Wilmington, DE), an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor, in patients with solid tumor types known to express or highly express EGFR. METHODS This was an(More)