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Although prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening has improved the detection of prostate cancer, allowing for stage migration to less advanced disease, the precise mortality benefit of early detection is unclear. This is in part due to a discrepancy between the two large randomized controlled trials comparing PSA screening to usual care. The European(More)
The basal ganglia are a highly interconnected set of subcortical nuclei and major atrophy in one or more regions may have major effects on other regions of the brain. Therefore, the striatum which is preferentially degenerated and receives projections from the entire cortex also affects the regions to which it targets, especially the globus pallidus and(More)
Huntington's disease is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease characterized by neuronal degeneration in the basal ganglia and cerebral cortex, and a variable symptom profile. Although progressive striatal degeneration is known to occur and is related to symptom profile, little is known about the cellular basis of symptom heterogeneity across the(More)
OBJECTIVE The cellular basis of variable symptoms in Huntington disease (HD) is unclear. One important possibility is that degeneration of the interneurons in the cerebral cortex, which play a critical role in modulating cortical output to the basal ganglia, might play a significant role in the development of variable symptomatology in HD. This study aimed(More)
PURPOSE To compare perioperative outcomes, specifically hospital length of stay (LOS), after retroperitoneal and conventional transperitoneal robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN). PATIENTS AND METHODS We retrospectively compared consecutive patients with a posterior renal mass undergoing retroperitoneal RAPN (n=116) versus transperitoneal RAPN (n=97)(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Considering the potential impact of warm ischemia time (WIT) on renal functional outcomes after robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN), many techniques that reduce or eliminate WIT have been studied. We present our institutional experience and progression using one such technique-off-clamp RAPN-as well as the results of this(More)
Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) has been established as a viable alternative to open and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for small renal tumors. Multiple variations in surgical technique have been described to reduce warm ischemia time (WIT). We present our off-clamp technique for RAPN. From August 2007 to January 2012, off-clamp RAPN was(More)
Background. Intravesicular Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is an effective adjunctive therapy for superficial bladder cancer that has been shown to delay recurrence and progression of disease. Serious side effects are relatively rare but are difficult to diagnosis and commonly overlooked. Case Presentation. We report the case of a patient who was found to(More)
We review recent investigations regarding the relationship between selective neurodegeneration in the human brain and the variability in symptom profiles in Huntington's disease. Huntington's disease is a genetic neurodegenerative disorder caused by an expanded CAG repeat in exon 1 of the Huntingtin gene on chromosome 4, encoding a protein called(More)
BACKGROUND Teduglutide, a recombinant analog of human glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-2, is a novel therapy recently approved for the treatment of adult patients with short bowel syndrome who are dependent on parenteral support. Previous studies assessing the effect of GLP-2 on gastric emptying in humans have yielded inconsistent results, with some studies(More)