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Modified chitosan gel beads, which had been prepared by the molybdate adsorption and coagulation (in the presence of molybdate) methods, were tested for As(III) and As(V) removal from dilute solutions (in the range 5-20 mg As L-1). The sorbent is very efficient at removing As(V) from acid solutions (optimum pH close to pH 2-3), whereas the sorption(More)
Chitosan (a biopolymer) is an aminopolysaccharide that can be used for the treatment of colored solutions by coagulation-flocculation (as an alternative to more conventional processes such as sorption). Acid Blue 92 (a sulfonic dye) was selected as a model dye for verifying chitosan's ability to treat textile wastewater. A preliminary experiment(More)
Ten chitosan preparations with different molecular weights (MW) and degrees of deacetylation (DD) were tested for coagulation of 5 g L(-1) bentonite suspensions at pH 5 and 7 in demineralized water (DW) and in tap water (TW). Coagulation was better in TW than in DW for every condition and lower doses of chitosan were required at pH 5 than at pH 7. More than(More)
Molybdate ion uptake both by raw chitosan and by glutaraldehyde cross-linked chitosan beads was investigated. This study focused on the identification of sorption mechanisms by means of several analytical procedures such as infra-red and reflectance spectrophotometries and CP-MAS 13C NMR analyses. Although the amine functions of glucosamine residues remain(More)
The removal of As(V) ions from aqueous solution was carried out using composite sorbents based on chitosan (as the encapsulating material) and Cu(OH)2 or CuO. The sorbents were characterized using SEM, EDX and Zeta potential analysis. Sorption uptake was highly dependent on pH, temperature, initial As(V) concentration and sorbent dosage (SD): the optimum(More)
The grafting of thiourea on chitosan backbone allows synthesizing a thiocarbamoyl derivative that was very efficient for mercury sorption in acidic solutions. Though the sorption capacity is not increased compared to raw chitosan in near neutral solutions, this modification allowed maintaining high sorption capacity (close to 2.3 mmol Hg g(-1)) at pH 2.(More)
Prussian blue (i.e., iron[III] hexacyanoferrate[II], PB) has been synthesized by reaction of iron(III) chloride with potassium hexacyanoferrate and further immobilized in chitosan sponge (cellulose fibers were added in some samples to evaluate their impact on mechanical resistance). The composite was finally re-acetylated to produce a chitin-PB sponge.(More)
Chitosan was cross-linked using glutaraldehyde in the presence of magnetite. The resin was chemically modified through the reaction with tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA) to produce amine bearing chitosan. The resin showed a higher affinity towards the uptake of UO2(2+) ions from aqueous medium: maximum sorption capacity reached 1.8 mmol g(-1) at pH 4 and 25(More)
Fixed-bed column studies were carried out to investigate the dynamic sorption of Reactive Black 5 (RB5) onto chitosan. The effect of operating parameters such as initial dye concentration, superficial flow velocity, bed height and particle size on the sorption of RB5 onto chitosan was studied. Column regeneration, dye recovery and the possibility of reusing(More)
Lessonia kelps (L. trabeculata and L. nigrescens) have been successfully used for the recovery of Cd(II) from near neutral solutions. The biomass was pre-treated with calcium chloride for stabilization of alginate-based compounds. SEM-EDAX analysis and FT-IR spectrometry analysis were used for identifying the modifications of the biomass. Sorption isotherms(More)