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Postsecondary preparation and remediation: Examining the effect of the early assessment program at California State University
In this paper we investigate how participation in the Early Assessment Program, which provides California high school juniors with information about their academic readiness for college-level work atExpand
The Structure of Disadvantage: Individual and Occupational Determinants of the Black-White Wage Gap
This study is motivated by the idea that the racial gap in earnings is generated not only by individual differences but also by systematic variation in the occupational structure that attenuates orExpand
The More Things Change, the More They Stay the Same? Prior Achievement Fails to Explain Gender Inequality in Entry Into STEM College Majors Over Time
This article investigates the empirical basis for often-repeated arguments that gender differences in entrance into science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors are largelyExpand
Racial-Ethnic Differences at the Intersection of Math Course-taking and Achievement
Despite increases in the representation of African American and Hispanic youth in advanced math courses in high school over the past two decades, recent national reports indicate that substantialExpand
Real and imagined barriers to college entry: Perceptions of cost
Abstract Patterns of postsecondary attendance in the United States continue to be stratified by socioeconomic background and race/ethnicity. We suggest that inequalities in knowledge of the costs ofExpand
The Relationship Between Professional Development and Professional Community in American Schools
This paper examines the hypothesis that school-based professional development contributes to school-wide professional community. The analysis draws on the Schools and Staffing Survey of 1993–1994,Expand
Those Who Choose and Those Who Don’t: Social Background and College Orientation
Empirical research on the decision to attend college is predicated largely on the assumption that students make conscious, utility-maximizing decisions about their educational careers. For manyExpand
Is the Sky Falling? Grade Inflation and the Signaling Power of Grades
Analyzing data from four nationally representative samples, it is found that in the decades following 1972: grades have risen at high schools and dropped at 4-year colleges, in general, and selective 4- year institutions, in particular; and the signaling power of grades has attenuated little, if at all. Expand
The Declining Significance of Race in College Admissions Decisions
Using 18 years of data from more than 1,300 four‐year colleges and universities in the United States, we investigate the extent to which institutional characteristics and contextual factors influenceExpand