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We present an experimental study of the isotropic-nematic phase transition in an aqueous mixture of charged semiflexible rods ( fd virus) and neutral polymer (Dextran). A complete phase diagram is measured as a function of ionic strength and polymer molecular weight. At high ionic strength we find that adding polymer widens the isotropic-nematic coexistence(More)
We report a study of the cholesteric phase in monodisperse suspensions of the rodlike virus fd sterically stabilized with the polymer polyethylene glycol (PEG). After coating the virus with neutral polymers, the phase diagram and nematic order parameter of the fd-PEG system then become independent of ionic strength. Surprisingly, the fd-PEG suspensions not(More)
Liquid crystal ordering is an opportunity to develop novel materials and applications with spontaneously aligned nanotubes or graphene particles. Nevertheless, achieving high orientational order parameter and large monodomains remains a challenge. In addition, our restricted knowledge of the structure of the currently available materials is a limitation for(More)
We report on single-particle dynamics of strongly interacting filamentous fd virus particles in the liquid-crystalline columnar state in aqueous solution. From fluorescence microscopy, we find that rare, discrete events take place, in which individual particles engage in sudden, jumplike motion along the main rod axis. The jump length distribution is(More)
The structure and the orientation of thermotropic hexagonal columnar liquid crystals are studied by grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXD) for different discotic compounds in the geometry of open supported thin films. Whatever the film deposition mode (either spin-coating or vacuum evaporation) and the film thickness, a degenerate planar alignment with(More)
An X-ray flexure-based microgap rheometer (X-FMR) has been designed for combining rheology and in situ small-angle X-ray scattering from the vorticity plane. The gap distance can be varied continuously from 500 μm down to several μm, which provides the unique possibility to generate a strong confinement for many complex fluids. A singular advantage of this(More)
The human Kv1.6K(+) channel was functionally re-expressed in COS-7 cells at different levels. Voltage-activated K(+) currents are recorded upon cell membrane depolarization independently of the level of Kv1.6 expression. The current acquires a fast inactivation when Kv1.6 expression is increased. Inactivation was not affected by divalent cations or by(More)
Structure of interacting aggregates of silica nanoparticles in a polymer matrix: small angle scattering and reverse Monte Carlo simulations 1a, 11, 1a Architecturally induced multiresponsive vesicles from well-defined polypeptides-formation of gene vehicles 1a, 23 Unraveling the equilibrium chain exhange kinetics of polymeric micellesby neutron(More)
Lanthanum phosphate (LaPO4) nanorods dispersed in the non-aqueous solvent of ethylene glycol form a system exhibiting large intrinsic birefringence, high colloidal stability and the ability to self-organize into liquid crystalline phases. In order to probe the electro-optical response of these rod dispersions we study here the electric-field-induced(More)
Optical activity measurements have been performed on the smectic blue phases (BPSm), which are a new kind of chiral liquid crystal. BPSm exhibit both three-dimensional orientational order, like the classical blue phases, and smectic positional order. Thus, they can be viewed as the three-dimensional counterpart of the twist grain boundary phases. A(More)
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