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Latency on the Internet is a well-known problem for interactive applications. With the increase in interactive network games comes the increased importance of understanding the effects of latency on user performance. Classes of network games such as First Person Shooters (FPS) and Real Time Strategy (RTS) differ in their user interaction model and hence(More)
Pulmonary diseases represent a large portion of neonatal and adult morbidity and mortality. Many of these have no cure, and new therapeutic approaches are desperately needed. De-cellularization of whole organs, which removes cellular elements but leaves intact important extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins and three-dimensional architecture, has recently(More)
We report the three-dimensional structure determined by high-pressure macromolecular crystallography (HPMX) of a 135-kDa homo-tetrameric enzyme, urate oxidase from Aspergillus flavus complexed with its potent inhibitor 8-azaxanthin. Urate oxidase crystals are quite sensitive to pressure, as three-dimensional order is lost at about 180 MPa. A highly complete(More)
Several experimental techniques were applied to unravel fine molecular details of protein adaptation to high salinity. We compared four homologous enzymes, which suggested a new halo-adaptive state in the process of molecular adaptation to high-salt conditions. Together with comparative functional studies, the structure of malate dehydrogenase from the(More)
The structure of cubic Cowpea mosaic virus crystals, compressed at 330 MPa in a diamond anvil cell, was refined at 2.8 A from data collected using ultrashort-wavelength (0.331 A) synchrotron radiation. With respect to the structure at atmospheric pressure, order is increased with lower Debye Waller factors and a larger number of ordered water molecules.(More)
A new set-up and associated methodology for the collection of angle-dispersive diffraction data from protein crystals submitted to high hydrostastic pressure have been developed on beamline ID30 at the ESRF. The instrument makes use of intense X-rays of ultra-short wavelength emitted by two collinear undulators, and combines a membrane-driven diamond-anvil(More)
Gene expression in bacteria is regulated at the level of transcription initiation, a process driven by σ factors. The regulation of σ factor activity proceeds from the regulation of their cytoplasmic availability, which relies on specific inhibitory proteins called anti-σ factors. With anti-σ factors regulating their availability according to diverse cues,(More)
A parameterization is described for low-level clouds that are characteristic of the Arctic during winter. This parameterization simulates the activation of aerosols, the aggregation/coalescence, and the gravitational deposition of ice crystals/water droplets and the deposition/condensation of water vapor onto ice crystals/water droplets. The microphysics(More)
The optimal method for creating a de-cellularized lung scaffold that is devoid of cells and cell debris, immunologically inert, and retains necessary extracellular matrix (ECM) has yet to be identified. Herein, we compare automated detergent-based de-cellularization approaches utilizing either constant pressure (CP) or constant flow (CF), to previously(More)
acterization of Arctic ice cloud properties observed during ISDAC. HAL is a multidisciplinary open access archive for the deposit and dissemination of scientific research documents, whether they are published or not. The documents may come from teaching and research institutions in France or abroad, or from public or private research centers. L'archive(More)