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We provide here an exhaustive overview of the glutathione (GSH) peroxidase (Gpx) family of poplar (Populus trichocarpa). Although these proteins were initially defined as GSH dependent, in fact they use only reduced thioredoxin (Trx) for their regeneration and do not react with GSH or glutaredoxin, constituting a fifth class of peroxiredoxins. The two(More)
Rust fungi are some of the most devastating pathogens of crop plants. They are obligate biotrophs, which extract nutrients only from living plant tissues and cannot grow apart from their hosts. Their lifestyle has slowed the dissection of molecular mechanisms underlying host invasion and avoidance or suppression of plant innate immunity. We sequenced the(More)
A sequence coding for a peroxiredoxin (Prx) was isolated from a xylem/phloem cDNA library from Populus trichocarpa and subsequently inserted into an expression plasmid yielding the construction pET-Prx. The recombinant protein was produced in Escherichia coli cells and purified to homogeneity with a high yield. The poplar Prx is composed of 162 residues, a(More)
Glutaredoxins are ubiquitous oxidoreductases which are similar to thioredoxins and possess a typical glutathione-reducible CxxC or CxxS active site. We present here the current knowledge about these proteins in plants. At least 31 glutaredoxin genes are present in Arabidopsis thaliana, a value close to the thioredoxin gene number. Based essentially on(More)
In plants, thioredoxins h are encoded by a multigenic family of genes (eight in Arabidopsis thaliana, at least five in Populus sp.). The multiplicity of these isoforms raises the question of their specificity. This review focuses on thioredoxins h in two plant models: Arabidopsis and poplar. Thioredoxins h can be divided into three different subgroups(More)
Thioredoxins are small proteins catalyzing thiol-disulfide interchange and are involved in the regulation of the redox environment of the cell. In plants, the thioredoxin system is particularly complex since at least 20 thioredoxin isoforms are found in the plant model Arabidopsis thaliana. Based upon primary sequence analysis and subcellular localization,(More)
Mitochondria contain thioredoxin (Trx), a regulatory disulfide protein, and an associated flavoenzyme, NADP/Trx reductase, which provide a link to NADPH in the organelle. Unlike animal and yeast counterparts, the function of Trx in plant mitochondria is largely unknown. Accordingly, we have applied recently devised proteomic approaches to identify soluble(More)
Peroxiredoxins are ubiquitous thioredoxin- or glutaredoxin-dependent peroxidases, the function of which is to destroy peroxides. Peroxiredoxin Q, one of the four plant subtypes, is a homolog of the bacterial bacterioferritin comigratory proteins. We show here that the poplar (Populus tremula x Populus tremuloides) protein acts as a monomer with an(More)
Poplar thioredoxin h4 (popTrxh4) and a related CXXS type (popCXXS3) are both members of a plant thioredoxin h subgroup. PopTrxh4 exhibits the usual catalytic site WCGPC, whereas popCXXS3 harbors the non-typical active site WCMPS. Recombinant popTrxh4 and popCXXS3 are not reduced either by Arabidopsis thaliana NADPH-dependent thioredoxin reductases (NTR) A(More)
Recently, a poplar phloem peroxiredoxin (Prx) was found to accept both glutaredoxin (Grx) and thioredoxin (Trx) as proton donors. To investigate the catalytic mechanism of the Grx-dependent reduction of hydroperoxides catalyzed by Prx, a series of cysteinic mutants was constructed. Mutation of the most N-terminal conserved cysteine of Prx (Cys-51)(More)