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Lysenin forms unitary large conductance pores in artificial bilayer membranes containing sphingomyelin. A population of lysenin pores inserted into such a bilayer membrane exhibited a dynamic negative conductance region, as predicted by a simple two-state model for voltage-gated channels. The recorded I-V curves demonstrated that lysenin pores inserted into(More)
We report the effect of different ions on the conducting properties of lysenin channels inserted into planar lipid bilayer membranes. Our observations indicated that multivalent ions inhibited the lysenin channels conductance in a concentration dependent manner. The analysis performed on single channels revealed that multivalent ions induced reversible(More)
Lysenin, a 297 amino acid pore-forming protein extracted from the coelomic fluid of the earthworm E. foetida, inserts constitutively open large conductance channels in natural and artificial lipid membranes containing sphingomyelin. The inserted channels show voltage regulation and slowly close at positive applied voltages. We report on the consequences of(More)