Eric . G . Blackman

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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has become a signature injury of current military conflicts, with debilitating, costly, and long-lasting effects. Although mechanisms by which head impacts cause TBI have been well researched, the mechanisms by which blasts cause TBI are not understood. From numerical hydrodynamic simulations, we have discovered that nonlethal(More)
An explicitly time dependent equation for the alpha-effect in mean field dynamo theory is employed to ensure that the magnetic helicity equation for the total (small and large scale) magnetic field is obeyed exactly. The dependence of the turbulent magnetic diffusivity on the field strength is unconstrained by magnetic helicity conservation and is therefore(More)
We develop a new nonlinear mean field dynamo theory that couples field growth to the time evolution of the magnetic helicity and the turbulent electromotive force, E. We show that the difference between kinetic and current helicities emerges naturally as the growth driver when the time derivative of E is coupled into the theory. The solutions predict(More)
The acknowledgement of risks for traumatic brain injury in American football players has prompted studies for sideline concussion diagnosis and testing for neurological deficits. While concussions are recognized etiological factors for a spectrum of neurological sequelae, the consequences of sub-concussive events are unclear. We tested the hypothesis that(More)
Two questions about the solar magnetic field might be answered together once their connection is identified. The first is important for large scale dynamo theory: what prevents the magnetic backreaction forces from shutting down the dynamo cycle? The second question is: what determines the handedness of twist and writhe in magnetized coronal ejecta?(More)
INTRODUCTION Repetitive head impacts (RHI) sustained in contact sports are thought to be necessary for the long-term development of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Our objectives were to: 1) characterize the magnitude and persistence of RHI-induced white matter (WM) changes; 2) determine their relationship to kinematic measures of RHI; and 3)(More)
Many extended extragalactic radio sources require a local in situ acceleration mechanism for electrons, in part because the synchrotron lifetimes are shorter than the bulk travel time across the emitting regions. If the magnetic field in these sources is localized in flux tubes, reconnection may occur between regions of plasma β (ratio of particle to(More)
Understanding the origin of pallasites, stony-iron meteorites made mainly of olivine crystals and FeNi metal, has been a vexing problem since their discovery. Here, we show that pallasite olivines host minute magnetic inclusions that have favorable magnetic recording properties. Our paleointensity measurements indicate strong paleomagnetic fields,(More)
Star formation occurs via accretion through a disk, which is likely to be turbulent, either because of gravitational or magnetorotational instability. Dynamo amplification of magnetic fields needs to be considered. As the disks are also stratified, the turbulence can be helical, with different signs of the helicity in each hemisphere. This provides a key(More)
Planetary nebulae are thought to be formed when a slow wind from the progenitor giant star is overtaken by a subsequent fast wind generated as the star enters its white dwarf stage. A shock forms near the boundary between the winds, creating the relatively dense shell characteristic of a planetary nebula. A spherically symmetric wind will produce a(More)