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Campylobacter infection is a leading cause of bacterial gastroenteritis worldwide, and most clinical cases appear as isolated, sporadic infections for which the source is rarely apparent. From July 2005 to December 2007 we conducted a prospective case-case study of sporadic, domestically-acquired Campylobacter enteritis in rural versus urban areas and a(More)
Physiology of the adult can be modified by alterations in prenatal development driven by the maternal environment. Developmental programming, which can be established before the embryo implants in the uterus, can affect females differently than males. The mechanism by which sex-specific developmental programming is established is not known. Here we present(More)
BACKGROUND Awake craniotomy with intraoperative electric stimulation is a reliable method for extensive removal of low-grade gliomas while preserving the functional integrity of eloquent surrounding brain structures. Although fully awake procedures have been proposed, asleep-awake-asleep remains the standard technique. Anesthetic contraindications are the(More)
While most assisted reproductive technologies (ART) are considered routine for the reproduction of species of economical importance, such as the bovine, the impact of these manipulations on the developing embryo remains largely unknown. In an effort to obtain a comprehensive survey of the bovine embryo transcriptome and how it is modified by ART, resources(More)
[figure: see text] A 1% cross-linked divinylbenzene-polystyrene copolymer, containing cyanoethoxy N,N-diisopropylamine phosphine was prepared as a phosphitylating agent. The polymer-bound phosphitylated precursor was subjected to reaction with alcohols in the presence of 1H-tetrazole to produce the corresponding polymer-bound phosphite triesters. These were(More)
Salmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg is the second most frequently occurring serovar in Quebec and the third-most prevalent in Canada. Given that conventional pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) subtyping for common Salmonella serovars, such as S. Heidelberg, yields identical subtypes for the majority of isolates recovered, public health laboratories(More)
In animals, the maternal-to-embryonic transition (MET) occurs in the first days of early development and involves the degradation of maternal transcripts that have been stored during oogenesis. Moreover, precise and specific control mechanisms govern the adequate synchronization of the MET events to promote the activation of the embryonic genome. These(More)
Systematically modified octyl galactosides and octyl N-acetyllactosamines were assessed as inhibitors of, and substrates for, T. cruzi trans-sialidase (TcTS) in the context of exploring its acceptor substrate binding site. These studies show that TcTS, which catalyses the α-(2→3)-sialylation of non-reducing terminal β-galactose residues, is largely(More)
Even after several decades of quiescent storage in the ovary, the female germ cell is capable of reinitiating transcription to build the reserves that are essential to support early embryonic development. In the current model of mammalian oogenesis, there exists bilateral communication between the gamete and the surrounding cells that is limited to(More)