Learn More
DNA methylation has been traditionally viewed as a highly stable epigenetic mark in postmitotic cells. However, postnatal brains appear to show stimulus-induced methylation changes, at least in a few identified CpG dinucleotides. How extensively the neuronal DNA methylome is regulated by neuronal activity is unknown. Using a next-generation sequencing-based(More)
Adult hypothalamic neurogenesis has recently been reported, but the cell of origin and the function of these newborn neurons are unknown. Using genetic fate mapping, we found that median eminence tanycytes generate newborn neurons. Blocking this neurogenesis altered the weight and metabolic activity of adult mice. These findings reveal a previously(More)
Sir2 NAD-dependent deacetylases connect transcription, metabolism, and aging. Increasing the dosage or activity of Sir2 extends life span in yeast, worms, and flies and promotes fat mobilization and glucose production in mammalian cells. Here we show that increased dosage of Sirt1, the mammalian Sir2 ortholog, in pancreatic beta cells improves glucose(More)
PURPOSE We investigate the characteristics of lung tumor motion measured with respiration-correlated computed tomography (RCCT) and examine the method's applicability to radiotherapy planning and treatment. METHODS AND MATERIALS Six patients treated for non-small-cell lung carcinoma received a helical single-slice computed tomography (CT) scan with a slow(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effectiveness of a commercial system(1) in reducing respiration-induced treatment uncertainty by gating the radiation delivery. METHODS AND MATERIALS The gating system considered here measures respiration from the position of a reflective marker on the patient's chest. Respiration-triggered planning CT scans were obtained for 8(More)
PURPOSE Image localization of head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma lags behind current techniques to deliver a precise radiation dose with intensity-modulated radiotherapy. This pilot study prospectively examined the use of registered 18-F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET)/CT for preradiotherapy staging of the neck. METHODS AND(More)
We describe a method for generating CT images at multiple respiratory phases with a single spiral CT scan, referred to as respiratory-correlated spiral CT (RCCT). RCCT relies on a respiration wave form supplied by an external patient monitor. During acquisition this wave form is recorded along with the initiation time of the CT scan, so as to "time stamp"(More)
BACKGROUND 2-deoxy-2[(18)F]fluoro-D-glucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) imaging can be registered with CT images and can potentially improve neck staging sensitivity and specificity in patients with head and neck squamous cell cancer. The intent of this study was to examine the use of registered FDG-PET/CT imaging to guide head and neck intensity(More)
We report on initial patient studies to evaluate the performance of a commercial respiratory gating radiotherapy system. The system uses a breathing monitor, consisting of a video camera and passive infrared reflective markers placed on the patient's thorax, to synchronize radiation from a linear accelerator with the patient's breathing cycle. Six patients(More)
It remains difficult to distinguish tumor recurrence from radiation necrosis after brain tumor therapy. Here we show that these lesions can be distinguished using the amide proton transfer (APT) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signals of endogenous cellular proteins and peptides as an imaging biomarker. When comparing two models of orthotopic glioma(More)